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Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

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Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm. She works at the unversity as a secratury, she is sedentary most of the time. calculate her BMI, write her weight status, BMR and TDEE. Show your work. Does Yara need to maintain her weight, lose weight or put on weight explain why and what can she do?

 

Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question II – Observe the diagram and answer the questions below. (3 Pts. – 1 Pts. each)

The diagram below shows the difference in body composition between men and women.

  1. Compare the body composition between men and women. (1 Point)

 The average body fat ratio is lower in men as compared to women while women have a higher essential fat than men. Therefore, women have a higher fat in their body as compared to women. They lead in both categories.

  1. What is the reason for the difference in fat composition between men and women? (1 Point)

 

The reason is because women produce oestrogen which reduces the ability to burn energy after eating leading to it being stored as fat. 

  1. Men have a higher percentage of muscles then women. What does this indicate on the level of caloric intake and energy expenditure? (1 Point)

This indicates that men need more calories than women since they have more muscles which require more energy.  They also use more energy than women since the more the muscle mass the more energy they need.

Question III – Observe the tables below and answer the following questions (8 Pts.)

 Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

Caloric Intake (Calories) Average BMI
1000 – 1250 26.8
1250 – 1500 26.9
1500 – 1750 27
1750 – 2000 27.5
More than 2000 28

Table A – The change of average BMI in relation with the caloric intake of a person in KSA

  1. What is the BMI, and why is it important to be calculated? (1 Pt.)

 

BMI is Body mass index which measure the ratio between the body height and weight and it is used to diagnose whether one is obese or overweight .

Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

  1. Explain the factors that affect the BMI and whether they are controllable or not. (1 Pt.)

There are factors that are controllable and others that are not controllable. The uncontrollable factors that affect BMI are age, sex, genetics. The controllable factors that affect BMI are nutrition, type of exercise and amount of exercise.

  1. According to table A, explain how the caloric intake affects the BMI of a person. (1 Pt.)

 

According to the table, the more one takes calories the higher the BMI. Therefore, taken more calories leads one to hacve a higher BMI and taking lower calories leads to one having a lower BMI.

  1. Explain two factors that affect the caloric intake of a person that lead to a change in the BMI.(1 Pt.)

First, is hormone level which could cause one to take more calories leading to an increase in BMI.

Second, is physical activity where a person who is physically active needs more calories to supply muscles with energy for exercise. This could lead to a high BMI if one does not burn all the calories taken.

Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

What are the disadvantages of a high caloric intake and BMI? (1 Pt.)

It leads  to an increase in BMI which could to obesity or overweight.

It could also lead to other complications associated with obesity such as hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.

 

 

 

 

Year Average BMI of adults
1960 25
1970 25.5
1980 25.7
1990 26.8
2000 28

Table B – The change of average BMI over the time in the Saudi population

  1. According to table B, explain how the BMI is changing with time among the population. (1 Pt.)

The BMI is increasing with time among the population.

  1. In your opinion, what could be the causes of the sudden change in BMI between the years 1980 – 2000? Explain two causes. (1 Point)

The first cause is the lack of physical activity, which could be caued by technology such as watching a football match instead of playing.

The second cause is aging of the population, which leads to an increase in BMI.

 

  1. Suggest two solutions that are suitable for the Saudi nation, to manage their BMI in the normal range. (1 Point)

First, is engaging in physical activity on daily basis such as jogging or going to the gym.

Second, is taking a healthy diet that is well balanced for all nutrients needed. They should avoid eating fast foods that are very high in calories.

Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question IV – Observe the table below and answer the questions (4 Points)

The table below shows the nutrition facts of meals from a well-known restaurant. Some of the foods and drinks items from the menu are listed with details. Your friend likes having her breakfast daily at that restaurant. You are trying to convince her to make better food choices in her daily diet. Note that her BMR is 1420 calories and TDEE is 1900 calories.

Food and Drinks Items
Calories
Fats (g) % DV Fats Carbs(g) % DV

Carbs

Fiber (g) % DV

Fibers

Protein (g)
Café Latte 200 12 5% 19 5% 0 0% 3
Café Mocha 330 12 14% 42 14% 1 4% 3
Cappuccino 220 13 5% 12 7% 0 0% 2
White Chocolate Mocha 400 15 23% 53 18% 10 20% 3
Tuna sandwich 340 20 12% 38 13% 1 22% 8
Egg sandwich 570 29 15% 75 25% 1  

24%

4
Chicken sandwich 340 20 12% 45 5% 1 22% 4

 

Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

  1. If your friend is trying to lose weight, which hot drink she chooses? Discuss using the % DV of carbs and fats. (1 Point)

 

 

  1. Which sandwich would you suggest to your friend if she asked you, low in fat and low carbohydrate? Explain your answer. (1 Point)

 

 

  1. Can you consider the items listed in the table as a source of fibres (1 Point)

Yara is 25 years old, her weight is 85 Kg and her height is 165 cm

 

  1. A boiled egg contains between 6 to 7 grams of proteins. Can we consider the food and drinks item listed in the table, as a source of protein? Explain your answer. (1 Point)