Xiongnu, Wade-Giles Hsiung-nu
Xiongnu, Wade–Giles Hsiung-nu were nomadic pastoral people who at the end of the 3rd century bce formed a great tribal league that was able to dominate much of Central Asia for more than 500 years. China’s wars against the Xiongnu, who were a constant threat to the country’s northern frontier throughout this period, led to the Chinese exploration and conquest of much of Central Asia.
India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh are the countries which Heinz says to be in South Asia. These are same countries which many scholars agree on to be found in South Asia.
By the title, You Are Hurting My Language, Heinz was referring to rendering Burmese and other languages imprecise in western alphabet. This is because these languages were different from western language and as such had to use different alphabets.
This is because, Heinz maintains that the modern borders of countries are not like in the past where borders were made up of natural features as well as where ethnic communities used to live. Because of politics the borders no longer match or correspond to boundaries that were created based on ethnicity or cultural homelands.
There were constant conflict between the Miao peole and Chinese. They were attacked by the Chinese who wanted to change their lifestyle since they perceived them as being primitive.
In fathers and sons section, Heinz is describing how sons were supposed to treat their fathers once he was deceased. They were meant to organize a proper ceremony since their fathers ancestry depended on how well the sent off was.
I this conversation, the man was astonished that the man could turn trees to jewels and gold and yet he was not interested in riches .This forced him to abandon his prior life of seeking riches such as stealing and gambling in search of spiritual satisfaction.
Dowry death happens when the family of the groom continuously extort dowry from the brides side and it reaches a point where the bride family can no longer pay the dowry demanded which lead to the groom family killing the bride.
Theravada Buddhism is mainly practiced in South East Asia I as well as in Sri Lanka. Theravada Buddhism is strongest in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Burma (Myanmar). It is also referred to as ‘Southern Buddhism
Ashoka was an Indian emperor of the Mauyra dynasty who expanded his kingdom to Bangladesh. Through the expansion of the empire he was able to spread Buddhism. He ruled form 268 BCE to 232 BCE and became a model of kingship in the Buddhism tradition. He ruled the largest Indian kingdom.
Sati as described in lecture notes refers to the widow of the deceased husband commits suicide in a pyre shortly after her husband’s death. This custom was widespread in ancient India but it has since become an obsolete funeral ceremony.
Buddhism and other local beliefs harmoniously overlap and coexist due to the interdependent of the religions. For example, Monks were mainly devoted to their duties in Buddhism and as such they depended on the community to provide them with food and other necessities. The required the support of the community as they practiced Buddhism and people also depended on the monks for spiritual nourishment.
Mara was demon that tempted Gautama Buddha by trying to seduce him with the vision of beautiful women who are said to be Mara’s daughters.
They were easy to read since they closely resemble Indian Sanskrit. This made it easy for archeologists to decipher the information that they contained. The information had been well preserved and as such could tell about the culture of the people who lived there.
Siddhartha practiced Buddhism with a group of holy men who practiced a strict lifestyle of self-denial and ascetism. They encouraged him to follow a life of self-denial and extreme discipline. However, these practice or reaching did not help him and he continued to have man questions lingering in his head. He then decided to move on as he searched for answers to his questions such as suffering and old age.
The Vedas are four in number “Vedic” Samhitas: the Rig-Veda, Sama-Veda, Yajur-Veda, and Atharva-Veda. The Vedas are a collection of hymns and other religious texts composed in India from 1500 to 1000 BCE. It includes elements such as liturgical material and mythological accounts, poems, prayers, and formulas which are taken to be sacred by the Vedic religion.