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Women’s Political Representation

Question 1.  What is the research question?

The main research question the authors of the article state is as follows: why are the rates of women representation at the highest level of politics so low?

Question 2. What is the authors’ motivation/justification for asking this question? Why is the question important?

The authors are interested in the question as there are considerably less women than men working in the political offices. The authors wanted to know the reason for the underrepresentation of women in political offices despite advancing of the latter in their careers and sufficient contributing to the economy. The question raised in the article is important because it helps the citizenry to reflect on the active participation of women in politics. The authors brought to attention of the readers that some countries, for instance, the United Arab Emirates, did not allow women to vie for political seats (Paxton & Kunovich 89).

Question 3: What three theories do the authors present? Describe them.

One of the theories explaining the low participation of women in politics is the structural theory.  The concept suggests that political figures are drawn from highly educated backgrounds and specific professions such as law (Paxton and Kunovich 87). Thus, the inability of women to achieve these levels of education hinders their human and financial capacity to vie for public offices. The other theory clarifying the poor representation of women in politics is the political theory. It claims that the existence of plurality systems hinders women from holding public offices, hence their small numbers in politics. On the contrary, the ideological theory argues that the ideas about women’s role and position in the society prevent them from participation in politics. The model identifies the cultural norms as the hindrance to women’s political participation.

Question 4: What hypothesis (hypotheses) do the authors derive from the theory and test with their analysis?

Gender ideology strongly affects the number of women in national legislatures.

Question 5: Is this research deductive or inductive? Why?

The research is deductive because it works from a general idea (the low participation of women in politics) to a more specific idea (how ideology affects women’s participation in politics). Moreover, the research explains an already existing idea; the ideological theory.

Question 6. What is the unit of analysis?

The unit of analysis is the number of women in politics.

Women’s Political Representation

 

 

 

Works Cited

Paxton, Pamela Marie, and Sheri Kunovich. “Women’s political representation: The importance

of ideology.” Social Forces 82.1 (2003): 87-113.