What areas of life does racism affect?



What areas of life does racism affect?

Identify and define at least 5 fallacies about racism.

  • Individualistic Fallacy- Provides that it is based on a personal decision or view of a certain group.
  • Legalistic Fallacy- From the Brown Vs Brown cases, it is evident that the law can be used to fight these cases of racism. Therefore, having anti-racist laws and policies changes the manner in which individuals interact with one another.
  • Tokenistic fallacy- In this fallacy, the minorities can fight racism by having representation in the high levels in the society.
  • Ahistorical fallacy- It provides that there is nothing like racism in the society.
  • Fixed fallacy- This fallacy provides that racism is influenced by time and geographical positioning.
  1. What areas of life does racism affect?

Racism is present in the daily areas of life such as the schools, hospitals, places of work, financial institutions, and even in the courts.

  1. Define the two types of racism (institutional and interpersonal).
  • Institutional Racism- It is the form of racism that is evident in a particular organization.
  • Interpersonal Racism- It occurs as people interact with each other.
  1. What is symbolic violence when it comes to race?

It can be considered as a mild form of violence. It is mainly carried out via knowledge and acts of cognition and recognition.

  1. At one-time Jews dominated basketball; now it is a game almost exclusively for African Americans. The text authors identify at least two reasons why both of these groups came to dominate the game? What are those reasons?

Just like the Jews, the fact that they were isolated, they ended up perfecting the game. In addition, others argue that they are great in the game due to their ancestry. They are from the strongest Africans and it has helped them to become the best.

  1. Which group of people erected the original section of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C.?

African Americans are credited to have erected the original section of the U.S. Capitol building.

  1. List at least 5 examples of how whiteness surrounds us though it often goes unnamed.
  • A white doctor is deemed to be better than a black doctor
  • A white person is perceived to be innocent until it is proved contrary. However, the blacks are always profiled as criminals.
  • A jury is more likely to give a white perpetrator a lighter sentence or even they walk free
  • An employer is more likely to hire a white person as compared to a black person
  • The white neighborhoods have access to great healthcare services as compared to the black neighborhoods.
  1. Define the phrase “white privilege.” Give at least 3 examples.

White Privilege is the act of White people being considered first before the other racial groups. The merit in this case is the skin pigment. Examples include,

  • A white traffic offender is let go with a warning whereas a black man may end up getting shot at a traffic stop.
  • A jury is more likely to sentence a Black person but let an individual to go set free
  • A white person is more likely to get better medical services as compared to the other races.
  1. Who wrote, “Color is not a human or personal reality; it is a political reality.”

James Baldwin

  1. What areas of life does racism affect?
  1. Why do the authors argue that race is a symbolic category?

Race is a symbolic category as it is constructed as per an individual’s social and historical context.

  1. What is the difference between race and ethnicity?

Race is a biological factor while ethnicity is cultural.

  1. Briefly describe the case of Abdullah Dolla.

This case addressed the question of race classification. To determine whether the individual had achieved white status, the judge decided to use the ocular proof. The courts later determined that she was of Asian decent rather than a white citizen.

  1. Has race always remained a fixed category in the U.S. or is it more fluid?

At the moment, race is more fluid than it has ever been.

  1. Who is Tim Wise?

He is a renowned American activist.

  1. He argues that before 1600 there was no such thing as the white race. What happened to change this?

The white race emerged due to the collision of the Black and African workers. They had security in numbers and could voice their grievances in the process. Therefore, they decided to come up with the issue of races to protect their needs.

  1. What were indentured servants? Where did they come from?

Indentured servants mainly came from Africa and could work for a specified period before they could get their freedom. Consequently, they could become free labor. They mostly worked for benefits such as housing and food.

  1. According to Wise, what was the U.S. Civil War fought over?

In his talk, Mr. Wise opines that the U.S. Civil was fought as a way of protecting the rights of the states. In particular, the right for the states to continue owning slaves.

  1. Name a few of the “carrots” slave owners threw out to poor whites.

The poor whites were enticed by slave owners by being given membership to the club as they continued to ensure that they do not grow economically. They did this by giving them rights to own land and allowing them to testify in court.

  1. What areas of life does racism affect?
  1. How did slavery undermine white working-class job?

To the working-class, slavery was a problem because it was a competition to their jobs. Therefore, they were told that if the slaves were free, they would lose their jobs as they would offer free jobs.

  1. What did Chalmette, Louisiana do after Hurricane Katrina to keep the town white?

In a bid to ensure that the town maintained its whiteness, they decided to pass an ordinance that prohibited the renting of property to people who were not their relatives.