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What are the 3 components of fitness and provide examples of each type of fitness component.

  1. Cardiovascular Endurance –Examples, swimming, jogging and cycling.
  2. Muscular strength- Examples, leg press and bench press.
  3. Muscular Endurance- Examples, elliptical machines and step machines.
  4. What elements make a sound fitness program? Explain each element.
  5. a) Mobility- it is where the tissue i.e. the fascial tissue moves freely and the bones and joints articulate in a clear motion.
  6. b) Resistance- it is the fitness which increases muscle mass, power and strength.
  7. c) Endurance- this involves aerobic and anaerobic where there is fitness with control of oxygen to the muscle hence determining sustenance of heart rate.
  8. d) Flexibility- this involves muscular stretching through exercise and lengthening fascial through Yoga.
  9. e) Recovery- this is maintaining good diet and having enough rest through sleep and naps.
  10. How do you calculate the Maximal Heart Rate and what is the recommended range for cardiorespiratory intensity?What are the 3 components of fitness

It is calculated by subtracting your age from 220 then the result is the number of maximum times your heart has to beat throughout the exercise. The recommended is a maximum heart rate of (50%-85%)

  1. Who regulates performance enhancement supplements?

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)What are the 3 components of fitness

  1. What fuels our activities?
  2. a) Glycogen
  3. b) Blood sugar
  4. c) Blood fatty acids
  5. d) Intramuscular triacylglycerols
  6. How many ATP is produced from aerobic and anaerobic activities?

In aerobic activity produces 3 ATP and anaerobic produces 39 ATP.

  1. What are the nutrient recommendations for active people?

Active people are required to consume proteins a range of 1.2 to 2.0 grams per kilogram of your body weight a day through diet alone. They are also required to have carbohydrates intake of 3 to 10 grams per kilogram of body weight.20-35% of total energy intake.

  1. What are health risks of dehydration?

If the body loses large amount of fluids and salts they cause death, heat injury, swelling of the brains, seizure, kidney failure and low blood volume.

  1. What are ergogenic aids? Are they necessary?

They are dietary supplements for physical, nutritional, psychological, mechanical or pharmacological treatment that enhances the exercise and performance of an active person. They are important as it helps the functioning of the body.What are the 3 components of fitness

  1. What can you do to improve your own personal physical fitness?
    1. By setting fitness goals and ensuring they are achieved timely and in a realistic manner.
    2. By keeping time to time fitness progress and improving it on daily basis
    3. By adding strength in my exercise each week so as to strengthen the body parts.
    4. Try the training with others rather than being alone and some other time involving a trainer.

Chapter 13 questions (part 2)

  1. What nutrient reduces the risk for neural tube defect?

Folic acid.What are the 3 components of fitness

  1. Why does a pregnant woman require additional iron during and after pregnancy?

Vitamin D since it is not found in plenty in the diet and it helps both mother and baby.

  1. What is the definition of pica?

This is continual eating of substances with no nutritional value for example dirt.

  1. What is the risk to the mother and baby if she has Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes causes high blood pressure and preeclampsia which is dangerous for both lives.

  1. What is the definition of colostrums?

It is the thick, yellowish breast milk that comes out first after giving birth which prepare the babies’ digestive track to digest breast milk.

What are the 3 components of fitness

  1. What are the benefits of breastfeeding?
  2. Provides required nutrients for the baby.
  3. It reduces disease risk like, respiratory track infection and gut infection.
  4. Promotes healthy weight for the baby and prevents obesity.
  5. Help the mother lose weight and contraction of the uterus.
  6. It reduces breast cancer and ovarian cancer for the mother.

 

  1. What is the American Pediatric Association’s recommendation for length of time to breastfeed?

They recommended exclusive breast feeding for six months and one year or longer for breast feeding together with supplementary food.

  1. What should be the first foods introduced to an infant at 4-6 months?

The first foods should comprise, cereals and grains, fruits, and vegetables

  1. Should fruits or vegetables be introduced first to an infant’s diet?

Yes it should.

  1. What is the cause of baby bottle tooth decay?

It is caused by bacteria in the mouth which feeds on sugar from milk and fruit juice hence creating acid which attacks the teeth.

  1. What foods should not be given to infants under one year of age?
  2. Cows and goats milk
  3. Fruit juice
  4. Whole nuts
  5. Cakes
  6. Sea food and shellfish

 

Part 3(film on Super Size Me)

  1. State whether this is the first time you have seen Super Size Me or whether you have viewed this film before. Also, describe your current weekly fast food intake, e.g. once, twice, three times +per week and the names of the fast food restaurants you frequent.

Super Size Me is a new film to me since I have not watched is before. Ever since, I have been in love with fast food which is French fries. Since it is the most delicious and a meal that can be eaten at any time of the day or accompanying all meals, I prefer it much and take it frequently. I eat French fries thrice a week from different outlets. The fast food outlets I commonly get French fries from include Carl’s Jr, Arby’s and Panda Express. The prices of these joints are affordable and they have the best services which makes me check in all the time.

  1. Explain how this film is related to the NF 5/15/27 course by referencing at least three (3)What are the 3 components of fitness

Different facts/concepts discussed in the film. Clearly identify “how” these facts/concepts are Related to NF 5/15/27.    

According to Spurlock’s film and his investigation, he relates all his activities with food and nutrition since his experimentation touches on diet and nutritional value of food. Through his experience from his food intake from McDonald’s fast food outlet, he ends up eating all his meals from there and reduces the exercise especially walking. This is related to the chapter on fitness where exercise is considered the best weapon to reduce obesity. The burning of calories and cholesterol reduction is therefore very important, and it can be all solved through walking for some miles depending on somebody’s weight which, Spurlock avoided

The weight gain by Spurlock is also a factor to relate with food and nutrition. He gains 11.1 kilograms and there is increase in cholesterol in his body. This is directly connected to the eating habit to be considered in dietary, food and nutrition. According to the dietary requirement, the body should be cholesterol free or very minimal presence of it present. Balanced diet with more fruits and vegetables should be included in all meals. The relationship is Spurlock concentrates in junk food which affects his body functioning for example, sexual disfuntioning while according to nutrition; all diet taken should improve health and ensure the body functions well. The increase in diseases is accompanied with poor eating habit and lack of balance diet intake. The useful food therefore, turns to be poisonous if taken in large quantities. The eating disorder therefore can turn to be so much hazardous to humans just as it happened to him.

Apart from that, his research from the film is related to getting solution for poor nutrition and obesity. This is a key role of studying food and nutrition where a solution to control such is given. It is evident that majority of the population in the United States visit the fast food outlet hence end up with different complications and poor eating habit. To solve this there is solution through educating people on, Child, Complementary feeding, Controlling the global obesity epidemic, and Dietary recommendations / Nutritional requirements. This makes Spurlock’s experience and experimentation relevant to the course as through his one month experience, he admits that majority of people are suffering due to the poor nutrition and therefore, he is ready to get solutions for them.

 

  1. Indicate whether viewing this film has made an impact/altered your fast food eating habits and specifically explain how and why.

By watching the film, there is a great impact created in my life and my Eating habits as an individual. Through the facts shown in the movie that only one month can change one’s body weight and functioning, I get the notion to avoid fast foods and embrace good diet and exercise. On learning through him a lot has been put across including how addicted one can be to junk food. Majority of the population see it as a normal food intake but through the film it is clear how the masses are affected.What are the 3 components of fitness

I will embrace nutrition through avoiding visiting the fast food outlets and reading more on nutrition. Through this course I will be able to connect the film lessons and course knowledge to ensure that I take correct measure of balanced and embrace a healthy life throughout.

I have all reasons to avoid the fast food since it is not nutritional at all as seen in the film. The French fries are proven to be dangerous in the body as it adds cholesterol in the body. It also makes one susceptible to obesity which is my great distasteful condition I have ever thought of. I have been in love with my body size and weight. Obesity can therefore be the worst condition I can put myself in; hence I have to avoid all its causes. Spurlock’s also experienced a problem with sexual disfunctioning whereby it can cause breakage in marriages and families. Through that, I have the utmost reason to seize from eating French fries which has the same cause which can affect my future life. To add on that it is clear from the film that, it is cheaper to live a healthy life since most of the food intake is natural as compared to fast food which is very expensive and never natural.

  1. State your opinion on whether fast food companies should be held responsible for the obesity Problem in the US? Explain the reasons for your opinion.

My opinion regarding the growth of fast food companies which sell junk food and are accused of causing problems is, they should be encouraged to have more nutritious food rather than the junk food they are selling. This should be done through education on nutrition and how to embrace entrepreneurship through making other natural products which can still give them capital. They are therefore, not to be blamed since the United States citizens have a responsibility to maintain their good health. The companies are not held responsible for obesity problem as citizens have a choice to do without the fast food. Everybody should therefore remain responsible and fight obesity in United States.

  1. Close your paper with a summary paragraph describing your feelings of the film.

Super Size Me is an educative film which brings out the idea of how responsible each and everyone should watch their diet and nutrition. The film carries facts through real life situation for that reason; it should be a lesson to all watching it. Embracing healthy life style through all means like exercising should be each and everyone’s dreams. The film is so inspiring to both people affected or not affected by obesity as there is always solution for it. The educative nature of the whole film makes Spurlock’s research to be my greatest recommendation for all those who have aspirations to keep their body fit.