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Welcoming the Stranger Among Us reaffirms the commitment of the church by Catholic bishops in the context of the new immigration to ensure respect for the dignity of every individual and to bring together all humanity forms and create a united family. The reading teaches all people of good will to receive newcomers and strangers in their neighborhoods and places of work as well as those of worship while showing heartfelt hospitality and being eager to learn from them and assist them irrespective of their ethnicity, religion, or background.

The teachings contained in the Welcoming the Stranger Among Us are based on both Catholic’s and Scripture’s rich heritage. For instance, the text explains that the patriarchs were strangers: they migrated to Egypt where they were subjected to great oppression. From this encounter, one is better positioned to appreciate the predicaments of immigrants. On the other hand, the cardinal virtue of justice and its core principles could be expounded to provide solutions to a number of difficult issues including that of immigrants. Through the virtues of justice, human beings assume their responsibilities enabling them to give other people their due. The Catechisms of the Catholic Church defines justice as a moral virtue that entails constant and firm eagerness and willingness to render their due to both their neighbors and to God. In order to show justice towards others, a person is required to not only respect their rights but to establish accord in human relationships and to promote equity for the good of the afflicted.Welcoming the Stranger Among Us

The teachings of Welcoming the Stranger Among Us and the virtues of justice could, therefore, be expounded to find the proper ethical course with regard to the immigrants seeking asylum that have converged at the US southern border with Mexico. In fact, addressing the plight of these refugees and immigrants would require a response that is deeply rooted in both the virtue of justices and the aforementioned instructions. Any response advanced to address these issues must emphasize the need to welcome strangers. Individuals have a right to move to their country of birth in search of better pastures to sustain both their lives and those of their families. On the other hand, any given country has the right to control the number of foreign nationalities flowing across its borders. However, this should be done with both mercy and justice. Justice entails respecting the basic human rights of every person. From the teachings of Welcoming the Stranger Among Us, we learn to not just tolerating strangers but caring for their needs. Moreover, the thousands of immigrants that are currently stranded at the US-Mexico border should remind the Holy Family too, were immigrants.

It is evident that there are specific factors that have forced immigrants to leave their countries for the US. The most evident cause is poor economic conditions in their home countries that have rendered many of them jobless for a long time. There could also be other reasons such as hunger, persecution or political reprisal. What is clear, however, is that all these factors have created an emergency situation that has resulted in a sudden movement of people. The virtue of justice and the teachings of Welcoming the Stranger Among Us challenges all people to have an open heart towards the afflicted. The proper ethical course for addressing the immigrants seeking asylum at the border with Mexico is to initiate a resettlement process for all refugees. However, care should be taken to ensure that the country does not accept too many immigrants to the extent that it becomes difficult to assimilate them. Moreover, both the American citizens and the government should be more concerned about the needs of the most vulnerable among these asylum seekers such as the sick and the little children. As they get to know them this way, their attitude towards them will start to change. Finally, the US should try to address the problems that force the immigrants to leave their country in an effort to avoid future flocking of immigrants at the border as they seek to gain entry into the US.Welcoming the Stranger Among Us

Question 4: Gender and Sex

The teaching contained in Humanae Vitae reaffirms the continued teaching and perception that the Catholic Church holds towards married love, responsibilities that come with parenthood and the denunciation of the use of any unnatural means to control birth. The teachings are based on several principle reasoning. To begin with, marital relations are considered to have a deeper meaning that goes beyond just two persons forming a union. When two people come together in marriage, they form a union that is based on love and which involves God. The union can result in the creation of a new person. Therefore, God uses it to complete His creation by contributing to a new soul. The Humanae Vitae teaches that marriage involves a divine partnership and its most serious role involves transiting human life, a process that involves free and responsible collaboration with the Creator. Although it does not prohibit family planning, it condemns prevention of conception that is done deliberately. Likewise, it rejects direct abortion either for therapeutic means or as a way of regulating the number of children.

On the other hand, the virtue of prudence entails analyzing a specific concrete situation to determine what should be done. Simply put, the virtue gives people the ability to arrive at the right decision. Through it, human beings acquire the knowledge pertaining to what must be done, at what time, and in which manner. In the US, abortion has been and still is a highly controversial issue in the country’s culture as well as politics. Since 1900, different states enacted anti-abortion laws. In 1973, however, the Supreme Court decriminalized abortion although several restrictions were imposed. Even before this time, several states had already legalized it. Presently, the legislation allows for abortion to be performed up to the sixth month of pregnancy when the fetus is considered viable outside its mother’s womb.

After weighing teachings from Humanae Vitae and considering the virtues of prudence, the proper ethical course would be to criminalize willed abortions. It is evident that the current legislation allows for the killing of the unborn. Humanae Vitae, on the other hand, calls for protection of human life, including that of the unborn. As a matter of fact, the safeguarding of lives of human beings forms the core of the present system of law. The law that allows for abortion excluded the unborn from protection. Any system of protection that excludes some but covers others should be regarded as intrinsically unjust. Moreover, such a law attacks the very foundation of American legislation. This line of thought is also informed by prudence. Having known that need and benefit of protecting human life, people should work towards ensuring that the each and every life is protected and not working contrary to this. Subsequently, acting against ethical principles can never be considered as prudent. Consequently, there can never be a prudent abortion since the act of abortion fails to protect the innocent human life and works against the intended purpose of the marital relationship. Therefore, the proper ethical course for abortion is to prohibit it. Welcoming the Stranger Among Us