The Use of Medical Marijuana and Recreational

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The Use of Medical Marijuana and Recreational Use Should Be Decriminalized At The

Federal Level.

The Use of Medical Marijuana and Recreational: Introduction

Marijuana is a psychoactive drug processed from the cannabis plant with the sole intention for use both as a recreational psychoactive drug and as medicine. The drug is often used in various form, which includes smoking the processes cannabis plant, ingesting the cannabinoids in the cannabis plant within food and also through vaporization. According to World Drug Report (2015), “In 2013, an approximated range of between 128 and 232 million people used cannabis”. This translated to about 3% of the total global population between 15 years and 65 years of age. The drug is therefore widely used by the world’s population because in 2015 about 43% of all Americans had used marijuana a case that increased this year to approximately 51%. This is attributed to the many uses where the drug can be employed. Marijuana can be used as a psychoactive recreational drug as a result of its mental and physical state of making the user high, it can also be used a medicinal drug. This is because the cannabis extracts are believed to relieve pain and to an extent cure muscle and cardiovascular diseases and lastly the drug is used for religious and spiritual practices. Despite the wide range of cannabis application and the large numbers of users, the drug still remains widely illegal. This has rendered marijuana the “most commonly abused illegal drug in the United States and globally” (“Marijuana”). There is need therefore for marijuana to be decriminalized at the federal level so that the use of marijuana can be solely legal. This paper discusses the various aspects that surround the legalization of marijuana in both the United States and the whole world.

The Use of Medical Marijuana and Recreational:Historical Background

Cannabis is believed to have appeared in the United States in Brazil in the early 1950s because of the slave trade. The plant is however indigenous to southern and central Asia and there is evidence of cannabis abuse through smoke inhalation dating back to the 3rd millennium. According to Rudgley (1999), this ancient cannabis inhalation was commonly known as ‘charred cannabis seeds’ and it was practiced at some burial site located in the present day Romania. Among the early users of cannabis included the ancient Hindus who used cannabis as a herd called ‘ganja’, the ancient Assyrians who used cannabis in religious ceremonies and called it ‘qunubu’ as a result of its psychoactive property