The Socratic method works by questioning everything-It is a friendly argument that occurs between at least two people. It aims at bringing about critical thinking, to bring out ideas and outline underlying presumptions. The Socratic method is powerful because it eliminates contradiction by finding the best possible truth, by asking questions where there are doubts and throwing the doubts or inconsistent beliefs and remain with only those that are consistent by asking questions where there are doubts and throwing the doubts or inconsistent beliefs and remain with only those that are consistent. Socrates method is also powerful because on most occasion, the very interested party would go home having learnt much more about a certain topic than they came with. It was the best method for students to learn.
- Euthyphro’s first answer ‘piety is bringing charges against one who has done wrong, even though that person happens to be his own father because after all he has to face the consequences of murdering a servant regardless of the circumstances.’ This statement is questionable because Socrates believes that it is an example not a definition. Socrates wants Euthyphro to tell him what he would define piety as because it is his defense and what Euthyphro believes in.The Socratic method works by questioning everything
Euthyphro’s second answer, ‘Piety is what is dear to the gods and impiety is that which is not dear to them’. The answer is questionable because no one knows for sure what is desirable to the gods but Euthyphro is bent on believing that the gods must at least agree about the wrongs of murder.
Euthyphro’s third answer, ‘pious people are just but not all just people are pious’.Questionable because there is no way that men can make gods better than they already are. Euthyphro’s attempted failures show that no one truly knows everything. The conclusion of the dialogue shows that Socrates method of the midwifery has risks like attempting to teach a person that has refused to be knowledgeable and claims to know everything.The Socratic method works by questioning everything
- Tharysmachus defines Justice as the advantage of the strong over the weak, the rulers over the subjects. He claims that the strong always have an advantage in any case in scenario and what they decide becomes just for the weaker side. The strong take on more because they can and that to him is just because they fought for it. He is of the idea that whatever the ruling class or the top of society considers best for their interests. He also defines Justice as the advantage of another person.Callicles is more of the Democratic type and unlike Tharysmachus believes that the people who are percieved as weak are much stronger, a good example being the weak democratic societies that have the power to determine the elite class they want. Callicles believes in Justice according to nature, despices conventional Justice, he believes in virtues and he believes that people should seek pleasure because pleasures are good. According to Tharysmachus being just ensures that you miss out on all the good things because you will not allow yourself to collect anything in abundance. According to callicles, to be just would mean that those considered ‘weak’ continue to be oppressed by those considered ‘strong’
- Socrates’ wisdom is only that which is attained by man ,he does not claim to have superhuman wisdom. Socrates is wise because he does not consider himself wise, once a person declares and believes in his wisdom, he cannot learn further. Socrates learns by asking others questions especially those who consider themselves experts and at the end of the day comes out more knowledgeable than they are. Socrates believes that the foolish man is he who thinks himself wise. Socrates was still the wisest man even after visiting the best in each craft, because although they knew alot about their crafts, they also thought they were wise in all other matters and they were mistaken. Socrates was wiser because he did not believe he was the wisest. He always wanted to learn more. He choose death and believed that ‘unexamined life is not worth living’ because his wisdom could not allow him to just survive life passively without thought or questioning why things are the way they are. Socrates was not content in living life with surving on basics but wanted to question why he did the things he did and why some things occurred in a certain way. According to him, this is what living was, as a purpose not as a ritual the way other people did. He called to fellow Athenians to question the very things they did daily, their own existence and the things that surrounded them.To expand daily in knowledge and never really be satisfied of wisdom. It is the greatest thing to discuss virtue daily because sometimes we ignore it and take it for granted and overlook it so that at the end of the day we are no longer people who care about ourselves or others. Socrates provides an invaluable service to the Athenian democracy by guiding others to seek the truth for themselves and not just what they are taught. Athens would benefit because they would not be exploited by people who thought they were wise but indeed were not because they would be able to make their own judgements and decisions having become wise themselves.The Socratic method works by questioning everything
- Socratic questioning taught one to ask for clarity, probe assumptions, rationale, reason and evidence, questioning viewpoints, consequences and even questions. The sophists were human oriented and supported fallacies while seeking to exploit the other people. They were associated with rhetoric, confusing statements and illogical statements made to deceive people and have no reliable content. The sophists were deceivers and pretended to be well informed when in most cases they were just frauds that believed they had the gift of wisdom and often demanded compensation for pretending to guide people. According to Socrates, questioning helped people to lead a purposeful life but to sophists, questions were often to test if people knew alot or they were deceivable.
Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth because he taught them to question everything something which leaders and elders did not like because their authority was questioned and they felt threatened. Sophists were unpopular because their teachings were vague, did not have true wisdom, mislead the youth to unwise choices and exploited people by demanding money for their teachings while Socrates believed that wisdom should be shared for free. Both the Socrates and sophists were often put in the same category and put to death by the Athenians leaders.