Discuss the process of evolving a group into a team, and discuss the importance of organizational culture in that process.
The dynamic working environment and the changes in the work place have put organizations around the world on a move to establish an effective work force or team that is capable of operating in a way that will enable the organization achieve its set objectives. In order to have in place an effective team, the organization has to nurture a group into a team that is well equipped to handle the business of the organization at their respective capacities. Developing a group into a team involves taking the particular group through crucial stages where different aspects central to the needs of the organization are cultivated. The commonly used model in explaining the evolution of groups into teams is the Tuckman’s model.
This is the first step that involves setting up the group. It is during this stage of forming a group that members start to know one another. They test each other while also exchange some persona information. There is anxiety and uncertainties in the group about the roles as well as concerning who will assume the responsibility of leading and coordinating them. There should be a formal leader or else some kind of an informal leader will take responsibility as seen fit by the group.
This is the second stage where the group members test the knowledge of the leader as well as his strategies of management and control. There is a possibility intense conflicts as each group member desires to occupy some special positioning that will avail the opportunity to participate significantly in constructing the normative systems and structures of the group. The group leader must know how to deal with conflicts and direct them towards constructive purposes. The communication style adopted by the group in this stage is critical.
Norming-the process of evolving a group into a team
During this third stage of evolution of the group, the group develops a sense of individuality; therefore, there is need for an established set of rules to govern behaviors. These rules are solidified in to the norms of the group.