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The five fallacies of racism are

  • Individualistic Fallacy in which racism exists only in ideas and attitudes.
  • Ahistorical Fallacy which considers history impotent.
  • Fixed Fallacy considers racism to be fixed, immutable and constant across time and space.
  • Legalistic Fallacy conflates that doing away with r racism based on the law definitely eliminates racism in everyday life.
  • Tokenistic Fallacy assumes that high numbers of people of color in positions of power is evidence that racial obstacles have been overcome.
  1. Racism affects institutions and interpersonal relations in life.
  2. Institutional racism is systematic domination of White people over people of color in institutions such as schools and corporations. Interpersonal racism is domination of racism in daily interactions and practices and is informed by institutional racism.
  3. Symbolic violence in race is the process of people of color unknowingly accepting and supporting the terms of their own domination.
  4. Reasons why both Jews and Blacks dominated basketball are that it is an accessible and inexpensive recreational activity found in low class neighborhoods. To low class neighborhoods, basketball is a way out of poverty.
  5. The original section of the U.S. Capital building in Washington DC was erected by black slaves.The five fallacies of racism are
  6. Whiteness surrounds us in the following five ways: ‘black’ churches, African-American television shows, African-American literature, ‘Black music,’ and Asian culture.
  7. White privilege is the collection of unearned cultural, political, economic and social privileges possessed by people of Anglo-European descent or those who pass as such. Three examples of white privilege include not wanting to hear that racism exists, of being referred to as ‘White’ and the tendency to deny that circumstances or events are racial.
  8. “Color is not a human or personality reality; it is a political reality” as written by James Baldwin.
  9. The authors argue that race is a symbolic category because it belongs to the realm of ideas, meaning-making and language and not nature and biology.
  10. The difference between race and ethnicity is that ethnicity is shared lifestyle informed by cultural, historical, religious and national affiliations but race is unshared ideas and attitudes.
  11. The case of Abdullah Dolla occurred in 1909 and was the only case a judge relied on the color of a South Asian to determine a case by using the test of whiteness. Dolla was applying for American citizenship although he was originally from India and nonwhite. Dolla defended himself by saying a doctor could prove that he had Caucasian blood and that he was accepted as a White in Savannah, Georgia and even had a burial plot in a whites-only cemetery. The judge asked him to pull his sleeves and it was his paleness that sealed the deal for him and the judge grunted his petition. This is a case where whiteness reigned and race here was portrayed as a biological reality when it is not. There was no way Dolla’s blood could show he was Caucasian so his case was a weak one but was grunted because of white supremacy all the same.
  12. The race category in America is more fluid because racial attitudes, racial inclusion and exclusion change over time and occur in different circumstances.
  13. Tim Wise is an American Anti-racism activist and writer.The five fallacies of racism are
  14. After 1600 race became common because they needed to get the blacks to work for free and the poor whites to help them keep the Blacks in check.
  15. Indentured servants were not necessarily enslaved but had forced contracts where they provided free labor by working for a fixed amount of time in exchange for freedom and sometimes a little land. They came from the poor European communities.
  16. According to Wise, the civil war was fought over was to maintain slavery and white supremacy.
  17. The ‘carrots’ slave owners threw to the poor whites would be given free land, let them slave patrol, do away with indentured servant hood and let them testify in court.
  18. Slavery undermined white working class job by undermining the wages and workflow of the poor white class.
  19. Chalmette, Louisiana after Hurricane Katrina passed an ordinance that they couldn’t rent property to people who were not blood relatives to keep the town white because they knew that they were more than black people and this ordinance would see black people move away.The five fallacies of racism are