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The Effect of Context on ESL Saudi Students’ Nonverbal Pragmatic



The Effect of Context on ESL Saudi Students’ Nonverbal Pragmatic Skills Development


English has become a global language and tool of communication among the nation members when conducting international forums or socializing with English natives or non-native alike. There is an urgent need to use English to communicate with others properly without misunderstanding and confusion in the communication.

Nonverbal pragmatic skill, consequently, will be a necessitated skill in a second language; such skills to create an ongoing healthy communication with native and non-native speakers of English alike. Because of ESL Saudi students have been affected by L1, there is a need to determine the influential factors that succour to develop ESL students’ nonverbal pragmatic skills and scrutinise the crucial indicators.


Basing on Bardovi-Harling Doweyni’s (1998) the rising pragmatic skills for the ESL students is due to the length duration in the L2 environment.  The purpose of this study attempts to identify the influence of the L2 environment and contact with English natives for Saudi ESL students to develop their pragmatic skills in English language learning and how they use English properly while communication.  Hence, there would be central research questions regarding to the pragmatic skills development as listed below:

  1.     To what extent does the context affect the learning pragmatic skills for ESL Saudi students?
  2.     To what extent do the factors of the L 2 environment and contact to native speakers of English affect to develop pragmatic skills for ESL Saudi students?
  3.   What are the differences in pragmatic skills awareness can ESL  and EFL Saudi students show ?

The methodology will be mixed with qualitative and quantitative using survey questionnaire and formal interview. As for the survey, it will conducted for twenty EFL Saudi students in the first group and other twenty ESL Saudi students in the second group.  To ensure the objectivity of the study, there will be an interview conference for four participants, two of them ESL and others are EFL.

The Effect of Context on ESL Saudi Students’ Nonverbal Pragmatic Skills Development







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