Tharysmachus defines Justice as the advantage of the strong over the weak
Socrates openly admits that he is barren of wisdom when he is likening himself to midwives. While talking to Theaetetus he says, ‘The common
reproach against me is that I am always asking questions of other people
but never express my own views about anything, because there is no
wisdom in me; and that is true enough.’
Gorgias in his conversation with be Socrates agrees with Socrates on all he thinks about oratory. At one point Gorgias admits that Socrates is defining it quite adequately.
Callicles believed that nature is what was just. Protagoras believed that men knew what they ought to do.
- True Tharysmachus defines Justice as the advantage of the strong over the weak
If the gods loved it, it would indeed be pious because piety requires religion.
This is because epistemological relativity is of the idea that the truth or falsity of a statement is relative to a social group or individual. Ethical relativity is of the idea that whether something is wrong or right, it depends on a cultural group.
- False Tharysmachus defines Justice as the advantage of the strong over the weak
Socrates believes that for life to be good, it should be guided by the fear of being caught and moral consiouness which do not let a person do anything they want because they could take advantage by any means.
13.The Socratic method aimed towards dialogue to argue out a topic. The dialogue/inquiry was to be at least between two people. The Socratic method asks questions to prove things and test a claim. The proof could be achieved with knowledge to prove because one party would have sufficient knowledge of the topic being argued and when without knowledge to debate so that the party that has less knowledge can learn more. The method uses logic to identify one’s beliefs on a particular topic. What makes the Socratic method a critical tool is it’s ability to eliminate contradiction by asking questions where there are doubts and throwing the doubts or inconsistent beliefs and remain with only those that are consistent with others
14.Euthyphro’s first answer is that piety is acting the way he is acting in bringing charges against one who has done wrong, even though that person happens to be his own father. This statement becomes questionable because Socrates believes that it is an example not a definition.
Second answer: Piety is what is dear to the gods and impiety is that which is not dear to them. The answer is questionable because no one knows for sure what is desirable to the gods.
Third answer: pious people are just but not all just people are pious. The answer becomes questionable because there is no way that men can make gods better than they already are. Euthyphro’s attempted failures show that ‘knowledge’ is not truly boasting of one as an expert because no one truly knows everything. The risks of Socrates method as a kind of midwifery is that sometimes he can only attempt to match make but that does not always work out.
- Tharysmachus defines Justice as the advantage of the strong over the weak. He claims that the strong always have an advantage in any case in scenario and what they decide becomes just for the weaker side. He is of the idea that whatever the ruling class or the top of society considers best for their interests. Thirdly he defines Justice as the advantage of another person. Callicles believes in Justice according to nature, despices conventional Justice, he believes in virtues and he believes that people should seek pleasure because pleasures are good. Callicles is more of the Democratic type and unlike Tharysmachus believes that the people who are percieved as weak are much stronger. According to both being just ensures that you miss out on all the good things because you will not allow yourself to collect anything in abundance. Tharysmachus defines Justice as the advantage of the strong over the weak
- Socrates’ wisdom is only that which is attained by man ,he does not claim to have superhuman wisdom. Socrates is wise because he does not consider himself wise, once a person declares and believes in his wisdom, he cannot learn further nor tests thruths. The most foolish man is he who thinks himself wise. Socrates was still the wisest man even after visiting the best in each craft, because although they knew alot about their crafts, they also thought they were wise in all other matters and they were mistaken. In choosing death, Socrates states that ‘unexamined life is not worth living’ his wisdom does not allow him to just survive life passively without thought or questioning why things are the way they are. We are most times content in living life like a ritual like eating, sleeping, going to school or work. This are the things most people consider living but Socrates does not agree with us and calls for us to question the very things we do. A life of silence for him would have been the most difficult punishment. Socrates does not believe in living life as a routine and in the good life according to him, it is to question ones existence and the things that surround him. To expand daily in knowledge and never really be satisfied of wisdom. It is the greatest thing to discuss virtue daily because sometimes we ignore it and take it for granted and overlook it so that at the end of the day we are no longer people who care about ourselves or others. Socrates provides an invaluable service to the Athenian democracy by guiding others to the truth because once they hold their truth, injustice will be forgotten.
- Socratic questioning taught one to ask for clarity, probe assumptions, rationale, reason and evidence, questioning viewpoints, consequences and even questions. Tharysmachus defines Justice as the advantage of the strong over the weak
Sophistic wisdom was more concerned with human affairs and not the universe like the Socratic one. It supported fallacies while seeking to exploit the other people. It was associated with rhetoric, confusing statements and illogical statements made to deceive people and have no content really.
Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth because he taught them to question everything something which leaders and elders did not like because their authority was questioned and they felt threatened. Sophists were unpopular because their teachings were only full of air and they demanded money for their teachings even when they were false and most were then killed.