Social Class: The Structure of Inequality



The title of chapter seven is, “Social Class: The Structure of Inequality.”  The writers of this section illustrate to us that families in various societies around the world differ in wealth and power. There are those families that are extremely rich and those that are mainly poor and own almost nothing.

According to the authors of this chapter, the differences in the wealth and power of the people are attributed to social inequality and stratification. To that end, they have written the chapter with the objective of illustrating to the learners how real-life situations are affected by disparities in our societies. This should act as an eye-opener for the students so that they can avoid engaging themselves in the cases whereby they are encouraging the formation of different groups of low and high ranks.  Those in the higher levels of the status utilize the available resources than those in, the lower levels of the rank. According to the writers of this chapter, the unequal distribution that takes place in our communities is caused by social inequality. Ideal examples of stratification in the US are slavery, caste, and various classes. Besides, the authors of the chapter highlight multiple theories that have been put forward for the occurrence of the different classes. For instance, structural functionalism is one of the theories that explain the existence of the several classes in the societies.

I feel that the writers of this chapter of the book have done an excellent job by an application of different credentials. For instance, they have given real-life examples of inequalities taking place in the societies due to the differences in the classes.

In conclusion, I feel that the writers of this book have done an excellent job because, to begin with, they have discussed the various causes of the different classes in the societies and they have also given the theories about the classes.  Therefore, the chapter is educative in that it discourages learners from encouraging the formation of the various classes that would ultimately lead to the unequal distribution of the resources.