Seneca Tribe Paper

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Seneca Tribe Paper

According to the records of the Seneca Tribe, the nation was born as formed( I would use either born or formed but not both) by the Creator from beneath a mountain. The nation evolved to hold eight separate clans: The Turtle Clan, the Wolf Clan, the Bear Clan, the Beaver Clan, the Snipe Clan, the Heron Clan, the Hawk Clan, and the Deer Clan. The Seneca Nation was the largest member of the Iroquois Confederacy, as they made up about half of the soldiers of the Confederacy. The other original members were the Oneida, Mohawk, Onondaga, and Cayuga tribes.

The Seneca nation historically lived in the Finger Lake region of New York state, mainly in central and western New York. The primary purpose of their agriculture was for food and they grew the “Three Sisters:” corn, beans, and squash. They also relied on hunting and fishing for their communities. The villages traditionally were surrounded by wooden fences. Though the Seneca nation was admired for its warfare and fierce fighting spirit, it was also known for the diplomatic skills of its leaders and its ability to make treaties and compromises.

When the American Revolution begun, the Seneca Nation, as a part of the Iroquois Confederacy, made the decision to side with the British, as they had endured years of abuse and pressure from the settlers in their territories. This decision led to widespread attacks on the Seneca people, forcing many to move North and many(Delete many) others to be killed.

After the American Revolution, the Iroquois Confederacy ceased to exist, and the Seneca tribe set up smaller reservations in western New York. The Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1784 assigned the tribes to much smaller pieces of land than before the war. In 1848, the Seneca Nation formed a modern type of government, called the Seneca Nation of Indians. Native Americans in general have received brutal mistreatment and unfair outcomes from the United States,( Use full top instead of comma)but it is notable that the Seneca Nation owns its own land, rather than the much (Used the word, much, many times, you can omit it here) more common practice of the United States government holding trusts of land for tribes.

 

 

Culture-Seneca Tribe Paper

 

The culture of the Seneca people is still considered vibrant and healthy. There are many traditions and ways of life kept active and involved in the Seneca community. The government of the Seneca tribe is worth noting( Repetition of the word, noting, you can use the word, point out) in its resemblance ( use it resembles instead of its resemblance) to the United States government and democratic workings. The government of the Seneca Nation of Indians, comprised ( delete letter d) of about 7,800 citizens, has legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The executive branch consists of a President, a Treasurer, and a Clerk. These positions are re elected every two years. The current President of the Seneca Nation of Indians is Todd Gates. The legislative branch consists of sixteen members of a Tribal Council, who each serve four year terms. The judicial branch consists of three separate courts, whose members are also elected by the people.

Most people of the Seneca nation speak English, but many also speak the native Seneca language. The language is considered (add, to be,) in danger of fading out, but there are learning programs and schools for the language to help try to keep it relevant to modern members. It is an important part of the culture.

Lacrosse is another important part of Seneca culture. All citizens have the opportunity to play it, whether they are male or female and old or young. There are community programs in all of the territories that enable year-round lacrosse, and the Seneca people are historically very talented in the sport.

Another important aspect of the Seneca nation is their casino enterprise. Though they have them (use casinos instead of them) in several territories, the Niagara Seneca Casino is the most successful, consisting of over 3,600 slot machines and almost 100 table games. The casinos help to fuel the economy of the Seneca nation and represent the economic skills of the nation to run these enterprises.

 

Music-Seneca Tribe Paper

 

Much of the music of the Seneca tribe has to do with the Longhouse religion. Much (use most) of the popular song ceremonies also included traditions of dancing, including the Green Corn Ceremony and the Midwinter Ceremony, both which lasted a few days. All of the songs of the Seneca Nation are different, but there are a few general characteristic that apply to the majority of songs. Firstly, they are usually relatively quick, ranging on average from one to two minutes. Also, songs generally include a range of one octave, with rhythms that usually repeat to form a steady, predictable beat. This falls into song structure, which does not always stay the same between songs, but is similar.

Instruments also vary in Seneca music, but two regulars in songs are the water drum and the cowhorn rattle. The drum helps to provide the steady, rhythmic beat to the songs, and is usually made out of wood with a hide of an animal on top of the wood. The rattle helps to (Use in)transition sections of the song and is usually made out of a piece of a cowhorn, hollowed out and filled with steel pellets.

 

Contemporary Issues-Seneca Tribe Paper

 

One contemporary issue of the Seneca Nation of Indians is with their casino enterprises in accordance to land rights issues. The Seneca Gaming Corporation was established in 2002, and runs the casinos in various Seneca territories. There are legal complications for their enterprises, as they are citizens of the Seneca Nation and not the United States. The Seneca Gaming Corporation has talented lawyers that advocate for their rights and help to ensure their fair land rights.

Many of the contemporary issues surrounding the Seneca nation also affect many other Native American nations and tribes. Some of the most prominent are land rights, as previously mentioned, as (delete as)there are countless treaties in United States history that outline different land grants to Native American tribes, and there is much controversy over giving land back to the nations. Another issue affecting modern Native American nations is environmental justice. There are pipelines and waste disposal sites regularly built on Native American land, which threatens both the health of the Native Americans and their access to resources such as clean land and water. A current example of this is the Keystone Pipeline, which has recently undergone a huge leak.