Saudi Arabia’s solution to increasing divorce rates

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Description

Saudi Arabia’s solution to increasing divorce rates

 

Abstract

The phenomenon of divorce in Saudi society is explored in this proposal with the goal of addressing the need for premarital education programs for Saudi women so as to decrease the divorce rate in Saudi Arabia. The results of the study are a clear indication that despite the different sources of premarital education and opinions held by Saudi women regarding premarital education, there is consensual benefit derived from such programs in martial relationships, thus, confirming the need for premarital education programs for individuals and couples as a suitable way of decreasing the divorce rate in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: Marriage, relationships, premarital education, Saudi Arabia, women

 

Proposal

In “Premarital Education: Saudi Arabia’s solution to increasing divorce rates” I hope to share my completed research through a poster presentation. The objective of this presentation is to start a constructive conversation about the rising divorce rates in Saudi society and how premarital programs can be effective in providing practical solutions to marital problems and helping Saudi women avoid divorce.

After viewing this presentation, attendees will get a clear view of whether premarital education programs are effective in solving conflicts and marital problems that are unique to Saudi women, thus, necessitating the need for these premarital education programs to curb the rising rates of divorce in the Saudi society and help Saudi women have healthy and happy marriages.

It is proposed in this presentation that there is a need for premarital education programs as affirmed by participants in my research and a large body of research on the causes of divorce in Saudi Arabia that explicitly points to the necessity for premarital education programs in the country, as well as, the importance of premarital programs in decreasing marital dissolution and divorce. This is due to the fact that over the past several decades, the Saudi society has witnessed social, economic and cultural transformations that have adversely and severely impacted Saudi families not only in terms of size and function but also with regard to values, relationships, social roles and interior patterns of life. Saudi women assumed more responsibilities resulting from the prevalence of education among Saudi women which eventually changed their perspective about themselves and their rights, as well as, their role in the society.

These responsibilities increased further when Saudi women got married, with most of them getting consumed in meeting the needs of their families and being submissive to their husbands. As a result, they end up losing their identity and get frustrated as seen through their anger, behavioral problems, deteriorating mental health and eventually divorce. The table below shows the increasing rates of divorce in Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia’s solution to increasing divorce rates

A qualitative action research was applied in my study to collect data and research about the problems and challenges that Saudi women face before and during their marriages through three steps, that is, discovery, measurable action and reflection.

While the attendees will see from this presentation that few marital relationship strengths keep the relationships intact, the reality as evidenced in the responses of the participants is that marital relationships weaknesses permeate most of the marriages with conflict management problems topping the list of weaknesses Saudi women perceive in their marriages as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 below. However, despite experiencing these weaknesses in marriage that are increasingly resulting in divorce, premarital education programs such as Mindful-based CRE and ELEVATE help Saudi women who are yet to be married attune their minds and bodies to human interaction so as to maintain their identities and know and understand their partners’ identities. Moreover, ELEVATE and PREP Within My Reach programs teach participants how to evince genuine interest in their partners’ lives, how to be sensitive to the needs and worries of their partners, see things through their partners’ eyes, discuss their expectations in marriage and provide them with sufficient information about sex, as well as, guide them on how to overcome sexual difficulties in marriage.

Saudi Arabia’s solution to increasing divorce rates

Figure 1

 

 

 

 

Figure 2

 

The attendees will be keen to infer from this presentation that Saudi women have knowledge about marriage. However, as proven in my research, the knowledge about marriage possessed by Saudi women is not adequate. It is for this reason that most participants in this study affirmed the need for premarital education programs and even desired that their daughters go through these programs before marriage. The tenets, mindfulness traits and strategies and themes of ELEVATE, Mindfulness-based CRE and PREP Within My Reach programs outlined in this research also reiterate the need for premarital education programs to address the issue of divorce in the Saudi society and help prospective Saudi wives have healthy communication, realistic expectations, attain sexual satisfaction and maintain their identities and interests in their future marriages.

I am interested in sharing the knowledge I have gained through this research and I believe that I will be able to grow as a researcher by engaging the attendees in discourses regarding apposite methods and theories. More so, I hope that attendees will benefit intellectually and socially from this presentation.

 

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