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The Role of the First Language in Second Language Acquisition

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First language is abbreviated as L1 and the second language as L2. The firs language refers to the initial language an individual is born with. In other terms, it is also referred to as mother tongue language. The second language…………

Second language difficulties
There are consistent difficulties experienced by L2 children learners of English in the use of articles (a, an and the). There is however chances of improvement in the late acquisition stages of the English second language, but might not……………

There is a general agreement that all English language learners especially be it children or adults face difficulties in using the articles. There is no consensus arrived at that explains the major cause of these difficulties, and whether LI and L2 acquisition share some causes. It is important to know that………

First language as a testing tool to second language structures
Child second language acquisition has been used as a viable testing tool to investigate structures that cause difficulties, hence tend to be problematic to all categories of language learners. In addition to that Child L2 acquisition enables to tease out any arising problems that are associated to cognitive immaturity………….

However, there are similar error patterns and acquisition sequences found in adult L2 acquisition that are independent of cognitive immaturity related to overuse of “the”, that is related to child learners. It was also found that in beginners groups of English learners in China, article accuracy was very…………..

Fluctuation Hypothesis and Full Transfer theories
In addition to that, there are several theoretical accounts that explain the role played by the First Language in Second Language Acquisition of Articles by child learner in foreign language learning. Some studies conducted by……….

In the case of Full Transfer account Montrul (2008), argues that second language learners can transfer all functional features and categories of their first language in to the second language as the starting…………….

Acquisition, the differences between L1 backgrounds of child/ adult learners of [±article], would be anticipated, at least at the initial state, because the [+article] L1 learners would transfer the functional category…………

There is therefore the need of maximizing of the L2 opportunity to learners in both outside and inside classroom settings to ensure effective acquisition through proper classroom management. According to………………

L1 before translating it in to English.
The L1 plays an effective role when used in the discussion of a task that needs to be converted in to L2.The benefits include allowing learners to be actively involved hence gripping key ideas and vocabularies of L2. Several studies found out that child learners who conducted preparatory L1 discussion performed…………..

Role of translation mechanism played by First Language
First language use plays a significant role in focused learning in both L1 and L2 through provision of effective translation mechanism. This is due to the fact that the translations of L1 tend to be clear, precise and familiar and possess effective qualities………………

The other form of dictionary applies the use of L1 and this are commonly bilingualised or bilingual types of dictionaries that have L1 translations (Atkins & Varantola, 1997).Last but not least , L1 in playing its role of L1 acquistion of L2, influences…………..