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Description

Persuasive Speech on Zika Virus

  1. Introduction:

In this third millennium that we ushered in nearly two decades ago, it has become increasingly clear that human beings are on the verge of extinction.

  • The threat of full-blown nuclear war continues to grow each day following recent reckless nuclear tests by North Korea as dozens of other countries including Pakistan, India, and Iran relentlessly develop the technology to make nuclear bombs. While tensions between the US and North Korea have indicated that a nuclear war could be triggered any time, new infectious diseases have emerged over the past one decade and posed major public health problems never witnessed before in the history of medical sciences in both developing and developed countries.
  • Every year, new informational campaigns have been launched targeting new viral diseases, which have threated to wipe out large populations of people in different parts of the world. Initially, it was the Siberian plague, which was followed by the outbreak of the H1N1 flu. Later, there was an endemic of atypical pneumonia before the Ebola virus broke out and killed thousands of people in Central and West Africa. Two years ago, the World Health Organization declared a new public health emergency: the Zika virus.

Significance

  • According to the statistics provided by Laporte, the virus was initially reported in Brazil in 2015. Within a period of one year, it had spread to nearly all the continents. The highest risk has been in the Americas where 29.5, 32, and 120 million people in Columbia, Mexico, and Brazil have the highest probability of getting the disease (Laporte, n.d.). The news have created panic and public concern among people in regions where cases of the disease have not been reported. There is a need for everyone to have basic facts about this virus including ways in which it is spread and how it is affecting people.

Thesis Statement-persuasive Speech on Zika Virus

  • Zika virus has become a global health concern following earlier indications that it is the main cause of thousands of cases of microcephaly reported among newborn infants in Southern America. The development has caused a major public concern in regions such as North America that have not been affected. My speech will seek to explain that such public apprehensive is not justified. The first step will be to explain what the Zika virus is about, and then identify the people that are at a risk of being affected by the virus. Finally, we will identify means of prevention and treatment that are available.
  1. Body:Persuasive Speech on Zika Virus
  2. Zika Virus can be described as a prevalent microorganism that is found in Asia and Africa.
  • It is closely related to flaviviruses, a group of viruses and is also closely associated with dengue virus.
  • The virus’ name is derived from Zika Forest in Uganda where it was isolated for the first time in a rhesus monkey nearly sixty years ago (Plourde & Bloch, 2016).
  • According to the World Health Organization, its symptoms are similar to those of chikungunya or dengue. They include:
  • Mild fever
  • Skin rash
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Headaches
  • Aches and pains
  1. Initially, there were fears that the Zika virus could be transmitted sexually. However, science has clearly indicated that the virus is primarily transmitted through bites by infected mosquitoes.
  • Scientists researching on the virus have classified it as arbovirus, which simply means that it is transmitted by arthropods that include insects.
  • Infected Aedes mosquitoes have been responsible for most of the infections.
  • The Aedes aegypti that is found in Australia and parts of the US and albopictus found in North America have been responsible for the spread of the virus to these regions (Todd, 2016).
  1. Although anyone can be affected by the disease, its prevalence has been high in areas infested by Aedes aeqypti.
  • All cases of Zika reported in the US were within the range of this type of mosquitoes
  • The majority of the people affected by the disease are not aware of its presence in their bodies. Consequently, some cases have remained unreported.
  • This, in turn, has furthered its spread among human populations.
  1. Although there is no medical treatment or vaccine that has been developed to cure Zika, its spread and effects could be mitigated through application of bioengineering aimed at controlling mosquito breeding.
  • According to WHO’s a recommendation, all mosquito breeding sites should be cleared.
  • Both WHO and Center for Disease Control do not recommend patients suffering from the virus to be isolated.
  • However, people that care for these patients could protect themselves by wearing long sleeves, covering their legs and feet, and using repellent if they live in mosquito-infested environments.

III.    Conclusion-persuasive Speech on Zika Virus

Review

  • It is evident that Zika is not a new disease but was first identifies nearly six decades ago. However, the majority of people around the world lack information about the virus, its causes, means of spread, and ways in which it can be presented. This situation has caused a lot of panic among people in different countries.
  • Without a doubt, any outbreak of the disease in regions where the virus is not present would be contained with ease. Therefore, the concern and panic about Zika virus by the general public in Australia, Europe, the US, and Canada is not justified.Persuasive Speech on Zika Virus

 

 

References

Laporte, J. (n.d.). Zika virus – Statistics & Facts. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/topics/3002/zika-virus-disease/

Plourde, A. R., & Bloch, E. M. (2016). A literature review of Zika virus. Emerging infectious diseases, 22(7), 1185.

Todd, B. (2016). Zika Virus: An Unfolding Epidemic. AJN The American Journal of Nursing, 116(4), 59-60.