The origin of the word protestant

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  1. Briefly describe the historical origin of the word: Protestant


  1. List and briefly discuss at least three ways that George Whitfield contributed to the Great Awakening as a movement?


  1. Describe the features of this painting entitled American Progress by Gast that depict characteristics of Manifest Destiny See the attached Pic for this question.



  1. Examine the archeological diagram above. What is unique about the burial patterns at the Mission San Luis when compared to other Catholic mission or church burials? See the attached Pic for this question.


  1. What social change(s) made the Iroquois mourning ritual ineffective?









The origin of the word protestant started in Germany. A theologian Martin Luther began a split in 1957 against the Latin Church by speaking on the subject indulgences. The Pope did not agree with Luther, therefore, the scholar and his colleagues were resigned to carving out a new Christian religion that would later become so popular in the German populace. In 1957, a meeting of the Reichstag at the German imperial parliament issued a recess stating that everyone needed to be make a decision regarding their religion of choice. However, a new Reichstag that met in 1529 and was supported by the Lutherans cancelled the recess. The new church followers issued the ‘Protest’ which protested against the April 19th cancellation. They joined with Swiss reformer Azingli, southern German cities and other German powers to protest as one. Consequently, the title Protestants was birthed.

Question 2

  1. Whitfield’s hard effort to spread the message- In 1740, Whitefield preached across New York City to South Carolina to numerous audiences. He attracted large masses and for the first time brought together colonists from many colonies to hear a message beseeching for unity.
  2. Whitefield’s message impact to his congregation and listeners- He had given his listeners a message that made them feel a sense of guilt and also gave them the need of salvation by the Lord Jesus Christ. This made his listeners pull away from ritual and ceremony. This saw the Great Awaking made religion to the average person intensely personal by fostering a deep sense of spiritual guilt and redemption. African-American slaves received Christianity through him
  • Printing impact to spreading Whitfield’s message- Whitfield used print technology to spread his message. Because of the printed materials, half of all colonists heard about or read something written by George Whitefield. He sent men before him to put up broadsides and distribute handbills announcing his upcoming sermons. He made it a habit to publish his sermons.

Question 3

The static picture depicts the relativity of time and the inevitability of technological progress. The human figures seen in groups are read from left to right. This also shows the progress shows the same idea. Indians are portrayed to come before the Americans prospectors; they also precede farmers and settlers.