NLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet



NLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet


Complete the following information based on research and on-site interaction.

Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge

How many National Wildlife Refuges are there in Tennessee

7 refugesNLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet

  1. Where is the refuge located (include address and phone #)?

1371 Wildlife Drive, Springville, TN.

  1. What is the size of the refuge?

51,000 acres

  1. When is the refuge open?

Monday through Saturday, from 8 am to 4 pm

  1. Are all the “Big 6” activities conducted at this refuge?


  1. What is the name and position of our onsite guide?NLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet

Joan Howell. She is the ranger and employee of visitor center.

  1. Who is the current Refuge Manager?

Baron Crawford.

  1. How many people work at the refuge?

There are 90 volunteers, 7 of them are from this office.

  1. When and why did the site become a NWR?

It was founded on December 28, 1945. This site is aiming to preserve wildlife, rescue endangered animals, and provide habitats for migratory birds.NLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet

  1. How many National Wildlife Refuges are there in Tennessee?

There are 7 refuges.

  1. Approximately how many bird/waterfowl species can be found in the refuge throughout the year?

Over than 300 species.

  1. Are there any endangered or threatened species (according to Federal law) in the refuge?NLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet


  1. Are there plans to add additional lands to the refuge?  How would that happen? What would be the source of funding and who has to approve?

It has a plan to expand, but not in the land. The Government has to approve the funding.

  1. What, if anything, can you take out of the refuge?


  1. How can you volunteer at the refuge?

Contact the center or visitor center.

  1. What is the refuge’s relationship with the surrounding community?

Community, land management, and farmers.

  1. What research studies have/are being conducted in the refuge?

Birding banding, calculating the survival rates and migration and wood duck nesting.


Tennessee NWR Visitor Center and Environmental Education

  1. When was the visitor center first opened?


  1. How much did it cost and from where did the funding come?NLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet


  1. In addition to the exhibits, what other resources are found at the visitor center?

Information of other refuges, Environmental Education classrooms and critter crates.

  1. What impact has the visitor center had on number and type of refuge visits?

There are more visitors and school groups coming for observation.

  1. What environmental education themes are interpreted in the visitor center?

Conservation, climate change, bird identification and water ecology.

  1. Where did the exhibits come from?  Were they built on site or ordered from an outside company?  If ordered, who were the suppliers?

The exhibits come from Southern Custom Exhibits. They were built on site.

  1. Who is in charge of environmental education at the refuge?

Joan Stevens

  1. What resources are available to environmental education teachers?NLS490/670-Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Worksheet

teacher training workshop, tactical events and other educational projects.

  1. What special events relating to environmental education are held at the refuge throughout the year?

Hummingbird banding, photography contest and scavenger hunts.

  1. Can groups visit the refuge for environmental education programs?  Describe the age groups and programs available and costs.

Yes. The visitors are mainly students from elementary school to high schools. There is no cost. The activity includes interactive games, discovery drawer and video watching.

  1. What environmental education topics would best be suited to interpretation at this site?

Duck stamp story, agriculture and water management.

  1. What does the staff see as the future for the refuge… growth?  Program expansion?

The expansion needs time and money.

  1. Why do refuges want people to visit?  (After all a primary mission is to protect wildlife, which might be easier to do without human incursion.)

People visit this site to regain nature and get knowledge of refugee animals. Some of them visit there for photography.

  1. What categories of visitors make up the largest numbers of visits? (Individuals, school groups, hunters, etc.)

School groups, bird photographers, hunters and farmers.

  1. What did you learn during the onsite visit?

I learned there are 144 spices of fish and 3 different chunks of land. In addition, I learned some farming knowledge.