Manifest Destiny

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1.Which of the following did NOT contribute to the idea of “Manifest Destiny”?

  1. John Winthrop’s “City on a hill”principle (correct)
  2. Struggle and tribulations were part of a purifying ordeal to prove their

faith and worthiness (correct)

  1. To embrace the greatness of the Roman Empire”s example, in all of its lavish splendor, as something to be recreated
  2. America was seen as an unfolding and predestined divine prophecy (correct)
  3. Belief that the colonial Puritans were the new “Chosen People”like the Jews had been (correct)

 

2.George Whitefield was known for

  1. Being a central figure in the First Great Awakening (correct)
  2. A fiery series of revivals over two-year period in America (correct)
  3. Using a new”Hellfire and Brimstone”approach to preaching (correct)
  4. Embracing emotionalism to enrich the religious experience of congregations (correct)
  5. All the above

 

  1. The rise of religious activism in America in the 1830s was asa result of

the following EXCEPT

  1. Massive influx of the Irish Catholic immigrants
  2. Decline of the middle class
  3. The total collapse of cotton production in the south
  4. A sharp rise in alcohol consumption and abuse (correct)
  5. Economic crisis brought on by the rise of the factory system and industrialization (correct)

 

  1. Revivals in the 1830s had so much appeal with the middle class because
  2. Joining a church demonstrated a commitment to upward social mobility
  3. Middle class people did not drink alcohol
  4. Revivals broke the barriers of social class distinctions
  5. It discouraged women from getting to involved in religious activities

(not sure)

  1. None of the above

 

  1. Religiously based moral reform movements of the 1830s in America

included all of the following EXCEPT

a.Education reform

  1. feminism
  2. Cleanliness
  3. family devotion

c.Temperance

 

6.World War II was a major upsurge in religious participation because

  1. Being religious was viewed as a way to be patriotic
  2. The Nazis and Japanese were painted as evil to be combated by righteous Christian soldiers
  3. Soldiers returned to the ideal of “no atheists in foxholes”

d .All the above

  1. None of the above

 

7.Anti-Catholic sentiments declined greatly in 1960 because

  1. None of the above
  2. John F. Kennedy was elected President of the United States
  3. Catholics and Protestants joined together to stand against the rising

numbers of Jews in Jews in America following World War II

  1. The Vietnamese were slaughtering Catholics, drawing Protestant support

in America

  1. The rise of Islam in the 1950s gave Protestants a bigger enemy

 

8.Women were the core of the Social Gospel Movement because

a.Women had gradually gained a more public existence, and they became

more vocal about having an active role in society

b.They were seen as the gatekeepers of moral purity

c.While work was frowned upon for middle-and upper-class women, charity

work was encouraged

d.All the above

 

9.The Roaring 20’s were a result of

  1. The “Great Migration”of African-Americans to northern cities
  2. The loss of faith in ideas about progress, capitalism, industrialization, and

the glorification of war

  1. A backlash to the overbearing controls of the Social Gospel Movement
  2. The “Lost Generation”rebelling against the social norms of their parents
  3. All the above

 

  1. Heaven’s Gate was a Christianity-based religious community that believed
  2. Hare Krishna would bring an individual inner peace and happiness
  3. Inner light would guide humanity to peace and brotherly love
  4. Jesus was an alien and had returned to lead them back to space, but they had to kill their mortal bodies for their sprits to reach the UFO in the tail of the Hail-Bop Comet
  5. Jim Jones was a messiah
  6. None of the above

 

11.Religious activism leading to the Social Gospel Movement was caused by all the following EXCEPT

  1. Bank policies pushing the gold standard caused a financial crisis
  2. New waves of immigration were perceived as threatening to the values of the Anglo-Saxon Protestant population in America
  3. Politicians, judges, and police were paid off by wealthy industrialists
  4. Extreme poverty was causing many social problems
  5. Labor unions were inspiring the middle class to take a stand against

capitalism

 

 

  1. Which of the following was NOT a public morality restriction in Puritan New England
  2. No smoking was allowed in the street
  3. Long hair for men was forbidden
  4. Women were forbidden from wearing lace
  5. Sleeping in church was forbidden
  6. All the above were restricted

 

13.William Jennings Bryan was known for being

  1. An evangelist
  2. A critic of the gold standard and advocate of the Free Silver Movement
  3. A Democratic candidate for President of the United States
  4. Who was The prosecuting attorney of the Scopes “Monkey”Trial
  5. All the above

 

14.Which of the following is NOT an example of consensus in America during post-World War II and throughout the 1950s

  1. Embracing ideas about cultural distinctiveness and diversity
  2. The McCarthy Red Scare
  3. The new American Dream
  4. Going to church because of the belief that it is what a good America should be doing
  5. The rising popularity of living in suburbs

 

15.In New England, Calvinists established what type of government

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Despotism(Dictatorship)
  3. Democracy
  4. Monarchy
  5. Theocracy

 

16.Carrie Chapman Catt’s impassioned speech, “The Crisis,”called for

  1. Women to rise up together and fight against the evils alcohol was bringing upon society
  2. Women to quit being doormats of men and seize for the right to vote
  3. Women to get involved in charitable reform movements and help fix society before it is beyond repair
  4. More attention to be focused on the morality of birth control as a health-saving measure for women
  5. None of the above

 

17.Charles Manson talked about a race war that would be bigger than a

ll the rest of the wars in history which he called

  1. Apocalypse
  2. The Crucible of Destiny
  3. Armageddon
  4. Helter Skelter
  5. None of the above

 

18.The Hindu guru who located in Oregon and led a religious community

that encouraged sexual religious rituals and giving all their worldly

possessions to the guru was

  1. Prabhupada

b.Marshall Applewhite

  1. Jim Jones
  2. Osho (Bhagwan Rajneesh)
  3. Hare Krishna

 

19.Charles Sheldon was a writer who became famous for

a.Writing about how women were being forcefully recruited into prostitution

  1. Writing about women’s suffrage

c.Coining the phrase “What Would Jesus Do?”

  1. Founding the YMCA

e.Criticizing socialism as one of the great evils of the world

 

  1. Charles Finney was especially known for

a.Believing perfection was attainable for each individual and society

  1. Calling out sinners by name

c.Focusing on heavy emotionalism as part of his revivals

  1. Encouraging the participation at his revivals

e.All of the above

 

  1. The Catholic Church began modernizing its doctrines in the

controversial “Second Ecumenical Council”(Vatican II) in the 1960s for all the following reasons EXCEPT

  1. Religion in the 1960s has become more personal and less inst

itutional

  1. The Catholic hierarchy was unanimously embracing the new ideas of religious unity with Protestants
  2. Priest were being increasingly viewed as out of touch with their congregations
  3. They were concerned that they might lose too much ground in the United

States and Latin America if they did not make changes (not sure)

  1. They were losing followers to Protestant denominations because people could not understand the Latin liturgies

 

  1. The Second Great Awakening was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
  2. Temperance
  3. Perfectionism and Utopianism
  4. The rise of Abolitionism
  5. Prison Reform
  6. All the above characterized the Second Great Awakening

 

 

 

 

23.“Flappers”were

  1. Women who turned to prostitution to provide for their families
  2. Professional dancers in burlesque clubs
  3. An early name for airplanes
  4. Young women who cut their hair short, wore revealing clothing, used cosmetics, drank alcohol in public, and danced the foxtrot
  5. None of the above

 

  1. Religiously based moral reform movements of the 1830s in America

included all of the following EXCEPT

a.Education reform

  1. feminism
  2. Cleanliness
  3. family devotion

c.Temperance

 

  1. Margaret Sanger defended birth control in the progressive era for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

a.Having too many children can unbalance a woman’s mental health

  1. Giving poor people the option for birth control prevents children born into excess poverty

c.a woman has the right to determine what happens to her own body

d.having too many children can drastically shorten a woman’s life span

 

26.what was the reason for people turning to alternative religions ,especially Asian in origin, in the 1970s in America

a.A growing loss of faith in Western cultural  norms and social traditions (not sure)

  1. A frustration with the deceptions and criminal activities of national leaders like President Nixon

c.A form of protest against the Vietnam War

  1. Because George Harrison of the Beatles converted to form of Hinduism

e.All of the above

 

27.The primary difference between Calvinists and Lutherans is

a.Calvinists are Protestants and Lutherans are Catholics

  1. Calvinists believe in separation of Church and state but Lutherans do not

c.Calvinists believe in predestination and Lutherans believe in personal choice

  1. Calvinists do not believe in legally enforcing morality, but Lutherans do

e.There are no differences between Calvinists and Lutherans

 

28.All of the following statements are true about Jack Johnson EXCEPT

a.He became the Heavyweight Champion of the World

  1. He was target of racism by the manipulation of the Mann Act

c.He was lynched by the (KKK) Ku Klux Klan

  1. He defeated James Jeffries who had been nicknamed the “Great White Hope”

e.He was a black boxer who married a white man

 

 

29.Jane Addams is most closely associated with

a.Rejecting the Social Gospel Movement and embracing secular reform

  1. Defending birth control based on women’s health concerns

c.Becoming a leading voice in the feminist movement

  1. Opposing the temperance movement

e.Establishing the first settlement house

 

30.Women outnumbered men at revivals in the Second Great Awakening

because

a.Women felt empowered with a new sense of control and initiative

  1. Arranged marriages were falling into decline

c.They were able to widen their social network beyond only their own town and church

  1. Westward Expansion meant fewer options for finding husbands

e.All the above

 

31.The “Religious Society of Friends”are better known as

  1. Quakers
  2. Freemasons
  3. Lutherans
  4. Mormons
  5. Congregation

 

32.The Social Gospel Movement could be best described as

a.An increasing focus on maintaining separation between church and state

  1. A socialist campaign to rid America of capitalism as part of a religious crusade

c.Religiously inspired reform movement to fix the moral degradation and degeneration of America

  1. Reinforcing all the good that industrialization was bringing to America

e.None of the above

 

33.A pillory could be described as

a.Someone who dispenses medication

  1. Adoring someone’s clothing with a letter

c.Something you sleep on

d.A form of public punishment that restricts movement by using a wooden frame

e.None of the above

 

  1. All of the following were policies William Penn established in

Pennsylvania, based on Quaker ideals, EXCEPT

a.Forbidding stealing land from Indians

  1. Creating a legal system that encouraged legal equality

c.Giving all men and women the right to vote, regardless of property ownership

  1. Freedom of religious expression

e.None of the above

 

 

  1. Which of the following could be considered a backlash to the moral rebellion of the 1920s?

a.Religious groups held rallies and made speeches about the evils of nudity and dancing

  1. Utah passed a law restricting the dress hem line to three inches (not sure)

c.Propaganda efforts to convince the youth of America that the “offensive”styles were no longer fashionable

  1. Virginia passed a law restricting the dress neck line to three inc

hes

e.All of the above

 

36.Joseph Smith’s ideas were heavily influenced by

a.The Second Great Awakening

  1. The romanticism of the mid-1800s

c.Belief in an ancient order of things that needed to be restored

  1. Perfectionism and utopianism

e.All of the above

 

  1. America first started paying attention to Islam when

a.Islamic radicals tried overthrow the US government in 1937

b.The Nation of Islam rose to prominence with fiery spokesman Malcolm X converting Muhammad Ali to the faith

c.When two airplanes were flown into the World Trade Center and another

into the Pentagon in 2001(not sure)

  1. Muslims joined with Protestants, Catholics, and Jews in 1956 in patriotic support of the America Pledge of Allegiance

e.Islamic students in Iran overran the American embassy, taking hostages and holding them for 444days

 

  1. Jerry Falwell was the head of the

a.Moral Majority

  1. Baptist Coalition for Political Revival

c.Southern Christian Fundamentals Organization

  1. World Christian Fundamentals Organization

e.None of the above

 

  1. Which of the following social trends of the 1920s was NOT disturbing to

protestant church leaders in America?

a.Flagrantly ignoring prohibition laws

  1. Erosion for Victorian moral standards

c.The rising numbers of Catholic immigrants

  1. The rising amount of government activism by the World Christian Fundamentals Organization

e.The rise of civil marriages

 

 

  1. The following were all part of the general beliefs of Quakers EXCEPT
  2. “Sola Scriptura”
  3. belief in a guiding “inner light”
  4. Priesthood of all believers’
  5. simplicity
  6. pacifism

 

 

  1. Which of the following was NOT results of the Scopes “Monkey”Trial?
  2. H.L. Mencken focused on the travesty of justice by thejudge and jury, and painted William Jennings Bryan as a “buffoon”
  3. Life Magazine criticized the people of Tennessee as unscientific and behind the times
  4. Southern pride was greatly injured by the scathing criticisms of Northern writers, embracing nostalgic ideas of an unadulterated agrarian purity
  5. Life Magazine defended William Jennings Bryan’s integrity and moral standing
  6. Time Magazine criticized the trial as religious extremism and a circus

 

42.Who of the following people is NOT and expatriate American in the

1920s?

a.Scott Fitzgerald

b.EmestHemingway

  1. Upton Sinclair
  2. none of the above

e.Gertrude Stein

 

  1. A “ducking stool”was used for

a.Public execution

  1. Holding someone down while they were lashed with a whip

c.Disciplining nagging, disobedient, gossiping, or hysterical women

  1. Forcing a criminal to be held in a framework on public display for public shaming

 

44.Which of the following statements about the Scopes

“Monkey”Trial is FALSE?

a.Clarence Darrow was hired by the ACLU to defend  Scopes

  1. William Jennings Bryan defended the teaching of scientific theories in public schools

c.Scopes deliberately broke  the law to force a challenge to the Butler Act

  1. The judge violated several laws by denying Scopes his legal right to call defense witnesses

e.Most of urban America reacted contemptuously to the results of the trial, believing the people of Tennessee to be “morons”and “yokels

 

45.The lesson Nat Tumer  taught to Southerners was

a.Baptist slaves were more  controllable than Methodist slaves

  1. Slaves that can read were not really a threat

c.Religious activity has little effect on abolitionism

  1. Slave preachers are a threat and must be closely watched

e.None of the above

  1. During the youth rebellion of the 1920s, the view of the younger

generation toward the changes happening in America was

a.That they were awakened to death and mortality too early with World War

  1. They saw the Victorian ideals as illusions and lies that they wanted to strip away in pursuit of truth

c.Focused on embracing a romantic view of humanity

  1. They believed the true ideal for women should be the “Noble Woman”instead of the “flapper”

e.All of the above

 

48.The battle Christian Fundamentalists launched against science in

the 1920s resulted in

  1. The religious backing of Darwin’s ideas of natural selection
  2. Passing laws forbidding teaching evolution in public schools
  3. Fighting for the need for more birth control availability and awareness
  4. The embracing of Freud’s explanation of sexuality revealed in dreams

e.None of the above

 

50.All of the following are true about Ann Lee EXCEPT

  1. She believed in a deity that was both male and female
  2. She became the leader of a religious movement known as the Shakers

c.She believed the highest calling for people in society was having as many

children as possible

  1. The end of the world was imminent and encouraged people to give up

their possessions

e.She believed she was the female counterpart of Jesus Christ

 

51.The First Great Awakening, inspired by new Wesleyan ideals, led to

a.Methodists becoming more influential

  1. Calvinist influence in America collapsing

c.All emotionalism being forced out of religious practice as much as possible

  1. A decline in religious rivalries and a lessening of anti-Semitism

e.All the above