Making sense of Jesus’ death-First reaction



Making sense of Jesus’ death-First reaction.

  1. Luke changed his source to the centurion praising God and his righteousness while Mark’s centurion recognized that Jesus was the son of God.
  2.  This is because Luke’s gospel emphasizes the joy of salvation.

B.Jesus and Pilate in Mark and Luke.

  1. Luke has changed the reason for the disciples sleep to exhaustion from sorrow unlike Mark who portrays them as lazy.
  2.  Luke has changed Jesus waking his disciples to one time while Mark’s was twice.
  3. Finally, Luke changed the reason the disciples were to be awake, to pray only while in Mark they were to keep watch and pray also.
  4. The change is because while Mark portrays Jesus as the suffering Messiah, Luke’s message is the universal savior who is not concerned with Roman rule but his ‘Kingdom’ thus asks them to pray for righteousness. Luke’s picture of the disciples is toned down compared to Mark that describes disciples a lot. Luke emphasizes more on prayer while Mark more on the Kingdom at hand.
  1. Jesus Last Words.Making sense of Jesus’ death-First reaction
  1. Luke has changed Jesus’ words to ‘I commit my spirit in your hands’ while Mark’s words of Jesus were ‘Why have you forsaken me?’
  2. The words though both addressed to the father, Luke was more concerned about forgiveness while Mark portrayed the suffering Messiah.
  1. Jesus and Pilate in Mark and Luke.Making sense of Jesus’ death-First reaction
  1. Luke adds the fact that Jesus was sent to Herod from Pilate and then returned to Pilate after Herod had mocked him. He also adds the number of times Pilate tried to save Jesus.
  2. The effect of this addition is to show that Jesus was a universal savior for gentiles, Jews and Romans. Another effect is that Jesus’ Kingdom was not a threat to the Roman rule because he did nothing as they persecuted him.
  3. Luke changes Pilate’s character to one who wants to save the Messiah desperately unlike Mark who portrays Pilate as the crowd pleaser.
  4. Mark shows that we suffering and persecution led to resurrection but Luke created emphasis on forgiveness and Christ determined to save all people even Pilate and Herod.
  1. Jesus and Pilate in Matthew and Mark-making sense of Jesus’ death-First reaction
  1. Matthew adds firstly, that Pilates’ wife send a message begging her husband not to have anything with Jesus’ death because she had had a nightmare.
  2. The effect of this is that Jesus had authority from God that even the non- believers could sense it.
  3. Secondly, Matthew adds that Pilate washed his hands to rid himself of the responsibility of Jesus’ death.
  4. Matthew adds this Jew rite because it was in their law from Moses a reminder to cleanse themselves from bloodshed. Matthew considered Jesus the new Moses.
  5. Matthew is apportioning blame to the Jews and their offspring.
  6. Just like in the times of the old Moses, curses went from parents to offspring and according to Matthew; Jesus was the new Moses with authority of the new law from God.
  1. After Jesus’ death- Matthew’s Gospel.
  1. The stories are about guards being posted at Jesus’ tomb so that the disciples don’t steal him. When he does resurrect therefore, there is a conspiracy to hide that fact from the Jews so that they may not believe in the word.
  2. Matthew’s focus was the church and its
  3.  Function. He adds the stories to highlight the work that was ahead of the church to convince the lost that the message of resurrection was true.
  1. The anointing at Bethany.Making sense of Jesus’ death-First reaction
  1. According to Mark and Matthew, the story is set in Bethany while to Luke it is set in a Pharisees house in an unmentioned town.
  2. In Luke, the woman is a sinner unlike in Mark and Matthew where she just happened to be in the room.
  3. Luke changes the anointing from the head of Jesus as described by Mark and Matthew to his feet.
  4. Luke makes the changes to 2 and 3 because his gospel gives particular attention to women and emphasizes on forgiveness as well.
  5. In Mark and Matthew, the disciples are admonished for pretending to care for the needy. In Luke, he overlooks the disciples and shows the forgiveness of sinners especially those not thought to deserve it.
  6. The themes of the Gospel often reflected a disciple’s background, his audience and what they believed most in.