Lesson Plan on Reading to an audience
- The main goal of this lesson is to help the students understand the basic concepts of public reading, that is, reading to an audience such as proper pronunciation, skimming and scanning and use of pauses and gestures, as well as, reinforce their comprehension skills through speaking.
The student should be able to complete the following at the end of the class:
- Recognize that the different punctuation marks used in the allocated text and incorporate them in their reading of the text publicly.
- Showcase the ability to recognize and distinguish different vocabulary items present in their selected text for public reading with 90% accuracy.
- Demonstrate the ability to employ the right procedure for reading by first skimming and scanning the text before reading the whole text to the rest of the class with 90% accuracy.
- Demonstrate the ability to give their opinion regarding the text, that is, whether they agree with the author or not which evinces their comprehension level of the text, as well as, public reading skills.
Rationale:Lesson Plan on Reading to an audience
The aim of this lesson is to ensure that the students can discern the various concepts of public reading or reading to an audience such as skimming and scanning, use of pauses and gestures and incorporation of punctuation marks in their reading. In this regard, the lower intermediate ESL students will be exposed to the different texts from the same book or assigned class reading which they will read in class unlike in previous lessons whereby all students were given one text to read. Both academic and social situations require students to have good public reading skills at utmost levels as this is crucial to their interaction with others. Based on this understanding, I planned this reading lesson in order to give my students an opportunity to practice their public reading skills with a comfortable and enjoying audience. At the end of this lesson, the students will be able to know how to read to an audience properly while taking into contemplation and applying all the concepts of public reading.
- Whiteboard or blackboard
- Handout containing the objectives and requirements of the class
- Colored Markers
- Assigned reading or book The Old Man and the Sea
|Warm-up and Introduction
|· Open the class by distributing the handout containing the lesson objectives and requirements, as well as, the duration.
· Students look at the handout and familiarize themselves with the content of the lesson.
· Allow the students to ask any questions about things they do not discern from the handout and raise any matters arising from the previous class.
· Have they students briefly point out what they already know about public reading or reading to an audience.
· Write down some of the things the students mentioned about public reading.
· Introduce the basic concept of public reading such as skimming and scanning before-hand and incorporation of gestures, punctuation marks and pauses.
· Tell the students to ready their assigned texts which are different or unique for every student which they will read loudly to the rest of the class.
NB: Every student should read a different text from the other students from the selected book, that is, no students should read a text from the book that has already been read by another student.
|Lecture about public reading or reading to an audience
|· Explain that there are rules of public reading or reading to an audience that regarding how to recognize punctuation marks that are crucial to pauses and expressions when reading, as well as, diction and proper pronunciation of words that are vital to helping the audience grasp what the speaker is saying swiftly.
· Remind the class of the purpose of public speaking or reading to the audience by stating that the skills learned through this exercise are crucial to improving communication and interaction between the students and fellow students, teachers and other individuals both in academic and social settings. Display the picture in Appendix A to provide a visual representation of the proper posture that a person should take when reading to an audience or undertaking public reading.
· Then stand before the class and demonstrate the right that the students should use when reading to the audience or reading publicly so as to avoid making the students strain to hear what they are saying or forced to ask questions in an attempt to get the speaker to repeat what he or she has said.
· Provide some non-examples to elaborate how not to go about public reading or reading to an audience, for instance, reading while facing down and in a low tone, as well as, holding the text in a straining position and reading too fast.
|· Go through the right procedure of reading to an audience using the appropriate concepts.
· Stand before the class and show them how to properly hold the reading material in a situation whereby there is no raised podium for the reader to place the text.
· Since this lesson involves improving the reading skills of the students in situations whereby there are no aids such as microphones and projected material on the whiteboard, re-emphasize the importance of being audible or being loud enough for the audience to grasp what the student is reading.
· Explain the importance of skimming and scanning the text before reading it to the audience. This skill is vital since a person can be given a text that he or she has never read before to read to an audience. Thus, proper preparation through skimming and scanning is required in such situations.
· Take a sample page from the selected text, that is, The Old Man and the Sea and conduct a step-by-step demonstration of the proper way of reading to an audience by going through all the processes and incorporating all the concepts of public reading such as skimming and scanning, punctuation, correct posture, accurate articulation of words, pauses, gestures and being audible enough.
· Ask the students to take notes that they can use during the reading exercise coming after the break.
|Reading to an audience or public reading
|· After the break, ask the students to take out their books or document versions of the book, The Old Man and the Sea which they will utilize for today’s reading exercise or class activity.
· Write down the essential concepts of public reading or reading to an audience on the whiteboard so that the students can refer to them before commencing their public reading.
· For the students who do not have a copy of the book or the document version of the book on their smartphones, tablets or laptops, provide a link that they can use to download the PDF version of the book or simply ask them to borrow from their fellow students for the exercise.
· Ask each student to read half a page from the selected book. The pages can be randomly selected or following a certain order based on the best method for the students.
· As the students read various pages of the text, take time to make succinct corrections to their reading while also writing down the pages already read on the whiteboard so that the students do not select the already read pages during their time for reading to the audience.
NB: Students have to utilize the selected text, that is, The Old Man and the Sea in their reading. Moreover, students are expected to read different pages of the selected reading with no two or more students reading from the same page. This is meant to ensure that all students grasp the public concepts comprehensively without simply correcting other students’ reading.
|Review and Analysis
|· Review the correct way of reading to an audience or public reading in terms of the correct concepts and skills of public reading.
Contingency Plan:Lesson Plan on Reading to an audience
In order not to mislead the class or encounter any difficulties, I will demonstrate the proper way of reading to an audience or public reading through the incorporation of all the concepts of public reading such skimming and scanning, exemplary diction or articulation of words, expressions that take into account punctuations marks used in the text, as well as, gestures and pauses. This will ensure that the students do not experience any difficulty understanding how to read to an audience or read publicly for academic and social purposes.
Assessment:Lesson Plan on Reading to an audience
The samples of reading postures and demonstration of public reading will be a way of assessing the ability of the students to distinguish between the correct way of reading to an audience and the incorrect way of reading to an audience. The public reading exercise or class activity will be a way of evaluating the ability of the students to apply the concepts of reading to an audience or public reading through their own reading of randomly selected text from the book The Old Man and the Sea while adhering to already taught concepts and rules of public reading.