There is a connection between child abuse and delinquency. Research has shown that children who are victims of child abuse are more likely to be delinquents. The manner in which a child is treated as they grow up has a clear link with delinquency. It is mainly because the manner in which they are treated leads to negative psychological effects which leads to the victims reacting in a particular manner. For example, they will always be mean to their counterparts in school. It may lead to them being bullies or even cause them to stop going to school. Therefore, there is a huge possibility that they may end up being delinquents in the community.
A research that was carried out by Lansford Jennifer et al. proved that the environment that a child is exposed to will always dictate how they act around their friends and relatives. They interviewed children who were victims of maltreatment and they realized that they were too bitter with the world. They have this mentality that they are alone and try to always fend for themselves. Consequ8ently, they will always be more likely to engage in acts such as fighting and stealing which leads to them being more likely to be arrested for their action. This study showed that an abused child will most likely be arrested as compared to the other individuals who are not victims of abuse. The research showed that they were at 53% more likely to be arrested or have earlier been arrested (Lansford, et al., 2007).
Lastly, there is no clear link between delinquency and the earlier physical abuse. However, it is clear that the manner in which a child is treated in their earlier years will always have an impact on the manner in which they interact with their counterparts in the society. In particular, the negative effects emerge mostly when they are in their teens. So, we should try to protect children from abuse from an early stage if we want to deal with delinquency.
Question 2-Juvenile Delinquency
The Social Disorganization Theory tries to link crime with the neighborhood that one lives in. As per this theory, an individual from an area with a higher crime rate will end up being more likely to be involved in crime as compared to their counterparts in the secure areas. Shaw and McKay realized that these areas are normally areas characterized by physical dilapidation, poverty, and high ethnic and cultural mixing (Bond, 2015). In particular, these are the urban areas comprised of mainly the minorities. Therefore, this theory has been used to mainly link delinquency and the environment that one is raised from and the factors that they are exposed to. In particular, it has proved the question of the youth and crime.
Among their major findings are; Firstly, the members of these disadvantaged communities will always end up trying to meet the needs of their communities. Various studies have shown that the issues that the child is exposed to as they grow up may determine the manner in which they interact with the others in the community (Bond, 2015). Secondly, immigration negatively affects the individuals in these areas. The exchange of culture will always include both the positive and negative aspects of the life of the immigrant. For example, many gangs, such as the MS13, were started all because of immigration. Thirdly, the ecological approach will always determine the competition and the dominance of shops within these communities. Lastly, the theory reiterates the fact that the urban neighborhoods will always be unsafe as compared to the suburbs (Bond, 2015). Therefore, individuals from these urban neighborhoods are more likely to engage in crime because it grows these values. Conclusively, this theory can be used to predict cases of delinquency within a community.
Calling a spade, a spade, it is evident that the history of an individual will always end up leading to the manner in which one will be stereotyped. In particular, the criminal justice system will depend hugely on the history of an individuals. Once they call in and realize that a certain suspect has some history or is a delinquent, they will be ready to arrest or even shoot the individual if they do not follow their directives (Hardin, 2004). Therefore, the individual’s history will always end up causing cases of stereotyping of individuals.
On the other side, there is no difference, an individual with a history of delinquency will have a bad attitude towards police officers. It leads to cases of rebellion and fear amongst these sectors of individuals. Therefore, they will be more likely to be caught in a crime as compared to their counterparts. Therefore, these are individuals who will have to try and ensue that these individuals are outside the country. In particular, these are the public assistants and the other cheaper brands (Hardin, 2004).Juvenile Delinquency
Conclusively, an individual with a history is more likely to be involved in as crime. Therefore, the police officers are most likely to judge others because of their juvenile history. Therefore, the former juveniles will end up serving sentences for any act. This is information that will always be laid in the hands of the judge and it will stop any case of mitigation. Therefore, it is important that steps are taken to help and build the relationship between former juveniles and the security officers. The police officers are supposed to promote the notion of ensuring that the former delinquents do not fell out of place or unloved by the community while the ex-juveniles are supposed to be shown that the police officers are not the enemies.Juvenile Delinquency
Bond, M. (2015, March 01). Criminology: Social Disorganization Theory Explained. Retrieved from Linkedin:
Hardin, J. (2004). Juveniles’ Attitudes toward the Police as Affected by. School of Graduate Studies, 1-88.
Lansford, J., Shari, J., Berlin, L., Dodge, K., Bates, J., & Petit, G. (2007). Early Physical Abuse and Later Violent Delinquency: A Prospective Longitudinal Study. NIH Public Access, 233-245.