Judith is an epoch
Scops, fili’s and pencerddor wrote epic and romance-themed poetry during the early medieval period.
- The three estates are clergy, nobility, and peasantry.
The parson is the best example of clergy while plowman provided a good example of the peasantry. The knight, on the other hand, is the best example of nobility. Women were not considered to be part of estates. However, some of them including nuns made a significant contribution.
- Judith is an epoch considering that the main character, a female hero, is supernaturally empowered. Apart from being a hero, Judith is also a saint. She cuts off the head of a man, an Assyrian general Holofernes, through the power of her God. She delivers long speeches that resemble those of Beowulf.
- According to Chaucer, there were 29 pilgrims. They started at Tabard Inn in South Walk. To pass time, each pilgrim tells two stories on the way to Canterbury and two stories on the way back.
- Medieval epic centers on war and blood and tend to be male-centered, while a medieval romance is all about love and always features women.
Judith is an epoch
- Hrothgar was the king who ruled Spear-Danes at the time when Beowulf arrives to fight Grendel.
- Unferth is both a servant and retainer of Hrothgar, the Danish lord identified above.
- Holofernes was an Assyrian invading general that had been sent by Nebuchadnezzar to revenge on those nations that had denied him and his reign assistance.
- Lanval is a knight that works at the court of King Arthur. Although he is overlooked by the king, the queen woos her by giving her gifts. In the end, however, he refuses her advances.
12 Grendel’s mother was one of the three antagonists in Beowulf. She engages Beowulf in a fight.
- Mystery play refers to a medieval drama that was taken from biblical stories such as the story of Noah and flood, the creation of the world, and the resurrection of Jesus.
- Estate satire refers to a genre of writing that dates back to the 14th century. The clergy, the nobility, and the peasantry were the three main medieval estates
- Courtly love Was a conventionalized tradition during the medieval times whereby a married noblewoman and a knight could fall in love.
- Kenning refers to a literature practice whereby a word or phrase is used as a metaphor for something simpler.
- The morality play is an allegorical play or drama in which abstract concepts, as well as qualities including virtues and vices, are personified by characters.
The quotes have been taken from The Pinners’ Play: The Crucifixion. The words were said by Jesus at the time of the crucifixion. The words carry the central theme of the play, that Jesus took death willingly to redeem the sons of Adam from sin.
The quotes have been taken from the Mankind Play. It is the devil speaking to mankind and talks about his plan to trick all of mankind just as he did to Adam and Eve. The play is itself based on the religion given that it centers on the fall of mankind into sin and his repentance afterward. Therefore, the inclusion of these lines in this particular literary work serves to highlight the devil’s thoughts and to point it out so that the audience can stay away from the devil’s traps.
These words are from Beowulf. It is Beowulf himself speaking to Hrothgar the Dane. Here Beowulf is boasting of his skills and abilities to fight and explains that he will not use any weapon to fight and defeat the monster. These words are important in this particular literary work given that it serves to give hope and encouragement to the companions of Beowulf, all of whom appeared uncertain of the outcome of the battle. Indeed, none of them expected to survive.Judith is an epoch