Issues that Influence How We Perceive the Justice

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Issues that Influence How We Perceive the Justice

Introduction

How we make decisions is influenced by a number of factors. Some of these factors are both conscious factors that we are aware of and others influence us through our subconscious minds such as biases that we might not be aware of. This begs the question of whether or not it is possible for one to be completely objective and free from bias. Some scholars have argued that in order to engage in critical thinking one has to be aware that the way human’s think is inherently faulty and therefore assess the quality of one’s own thoughts through a reasoned process of auditing one’s own thought process. For instance, one cannot come to a true conclusion if the information that he or she is using is itself false despite following all other necessary steps of rational thought. The acknowledgment of different biases helps us understand why different people may come to two different conclusion given the same facts. This is because different people have been through different experiences that have helped shape how they perceive the world and therefore ascribed to different schools of thought.

What then does this mean for the concept of justice? Is justice a universal concept or a concept that is subject to relativism. Do different factors affect how people perceive as justice or should there be a universal standard to which acts should be measured to determine whether or not they are just? This paper tackle these fundamental questions and analyses how these different factors may influence one’s opinion of justice. Some of the factors that may affect one’s perception of justice include one’s gender, age, race, ethnicity, class, sexual orientation and faith or religion. These, among others, affect how people make decisions both consciously and subconsciously. For instance, when dealing with questions of criminalizing immoral acts, judges who ascribe to a religion that shuns some acts may welcome the idea of criminalizing immoral acts while those that do not ascribe to one religion or another may argue against making laws that intrude into citizen’s personal life and therefore argue against criminalizing immoral acts as long as they do not affect public enjoyment of other’s rights.

How we Perceive Justice-issues that Influence How We Perceive the Justice

Justice is a rather abstract concept and has been the subject of widespread debate and discussion. The definition justice has in many cases been held to be synonymous with fairness and equitableness. Nonetheless, the concept of fairness is also an abstract and relative term. This means that the concept of justice, such as the concept is relative. This means that different cultures have different views of what constitutes justice and fairness. Having this in mind, there are several factors that influence one’s opinion of what justice is. For instance, in ancient Greece where philosophers such as Plato who lived in an era where people largely believed in Higher power viewed justice issues from God. In contrast, theorist such as John Locke, who were more progressive thinkers, believed that justice was as a result of mutual agreement between the citizens and not from higher law. These different theorists developed their theories in different times and therefore their different environments helped shape how they viewed the world in a different way.Issues that Influence How We Perceive the Justice

Gender is undoubtedly one crucial factor that shapes biases of people on the issues of what would amount to justice. For instance, one’s gender may affect one’s view of the nature of punitive measures with regards to sexual offences. One can argue that, in using their discretionary powers, a female judge may impose heavier penalties on sexual offenders than a male judge. Similarly, on the issue of gender equality, a female may be a stronger supporter of affirmative action when in order to ensure that both genders play on an even playing ground. In contrast, a male observer is likely to view affirmative action as discriminatory and may argue for merit based assessment of awarding opportunities to qualified candidates. Similarly, my gender has influenced how my perception of justice and the world as a whole through witnessing the preferential treatment that is afforded to one gender at the expense of another.

Factors such as age, race and ethnicity have also helped shape my conception of justice. For instance, a conservative, elderly, morally stern person would be less accommodative of some liberal notions of what is considered as permissible behaviour in today’s modern society. This generational difference has been witnessed not only in today’s modern society but also in historical antecedents. A case in point is the different perception of justice by the traditional natural law theorists from contemporary natural law theorists. My perception of justice is informed by my experiences from the social, political and economic environment in which I live. The relevance of the different theories put forward can only be tested by assessing if such theories hold true in today’s society. For instance, positivism theory put forth by John Austin is relevant due to the fact that even in today’s contemporary society, the law is viewed as a set of commands backed by sanctions. Ethnicity also shapes one’s opinion of justice due to the aspect of cultural relativism. This means that what may seem as injustice in one culture is held to be justice in another culture.

Conclusion-issues that Influence How We Perceive the Justice

While it is desirable that in order to advance the tenets of Justice, one remain as objective as possible, each person has different experiences based on different factors. It therefore follows due to this difference in perception people are entitled to hold different views and ascribe to different schools of thought. However ultimately, my fundamental assessment of what should be considered as justice should be that which provides the utmost good for the majority of people and only through this utilitarian approach can we be able to assess what is justified from what is not.