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Impact of the Spaniard and Mexican Rule in California

The Spanish made a tremendous effort in establishing California as we know it today. Besides bringing over their various religions, they also bring in Mexicans and this explains the reason California is diverse in cultures. It is even more interesting that the infrastructure such as housing established in the form of missions is still in use in California today. The housing established by the Spanish people served Mexicans and other administrations that followed to date. While housing was created to serve religious functions, the secularization of the missions by Mexicans is the reason some missions today serve common functions such as housing. The decision to erect towns near missions was excellent because that is how the major towns of California such as Los Angeles were established. The missions played a huge role in modernizing and urbanizing California through Father Serra.Impact of the Spaniard and Mexican Rule in California

Although it is a bad thing, I find the mistreatment of natives interesting because I got to see a new side of it. I always thought that Indians were mistreated by other settlers and not missionaries. This new perspective explains why the mistreatment of natives lasted for so long in California and other lands because the good people did nothing to stop it. The letter to Galvez reveals the intentions of the first settlers in California, while they pretend to only trade with them, they are busy preparing to steal land forcefully which is one of the ways California came to have a bad background. The Spanish in California also fuelled a lot of trade both with locals and with people back home that is responsible for the urbanization of the city and introduction of new crops such as corn to California. The active gardening from various missions resulting in various foods contributed to the increase in population in Californian systems both from pueblos, who also gardened and from people who traded in the foodstuffs.

The Spanish missionaries acted as the servants of the Lord in California but their actions to native Indians were more of enslavement and mistreatment veiled in the form of discipline and religion. The discipline of adults by whips is astounding. The interaction between Native Indians and the Spanish is interesting because the Spanish just keep on taking. First, they take Indian land, then their free labor, all in the name of creating a system. I would say that California was made on the backs of cornered Indians and greedy ‘men of God’. California is a product of restricted Indians forced to adapt to new ways of life in promise of religion that the missionaries don’t seem to practice in truth. The recollection of an old woman about the missionaries is interesting and portrays Indians as trusting people, with grateful hearts and I believe that for the fact that most of them willingly helped the missionaries, is the reason California thrives today.Impact of the Spaniard and Mexican Rule in California

The shift from the Spaniard rule to Mexican rule was interesting because while the Spanish people still enjoyed special treatment, the Mexicans found it hard to control Native Indians to work in the same old way for trade to continue. During the Mexican rule, California is faced with numerous threats from Russians an Anglo Americans, who want a piece of the cake too. Mexican rule and California only survive because of the cooperation between the Spanish and Mexicans. Both the Mexicans and Spanish contributed tremendously to the cloth industry in California, changing the way natives dressed. The Mexican rule further intensifies trade in California with major traders being Mexicans from Mexico, Russians, and Anglo-Americans. I find the trade items very interesting as there is hard currency as well as the barter trade system of exchanging goods.

The Mexican use of already established missions made their administration work easier but native Indians were generally dissatisfied. The running of the missions becomes a problem because the Spanish no longer rule. Mexicans try to bring their own clergymen because religion is the only thing that controlled Indians. Anyone that needed to colonize California uses religion to enslave the Indian and maintain their agricultural prowess and trade power. The Mexican rule was not as effective as the Spaniard rule. I find it interesting that Indians were more allied to the Spaniards because they treated them like children and the Spaniards were parents. The entry of the Mexican rule did not sit well with Indians because they believed that they only received orders and were commanded to do things they did not really agree with. The new California described under Mexican rule shows a slowly changing landscape, administration, and cultural activities. Interestingly, the Indians do not truly do away with all their customs. They still prepare for winter by collecting wild food for storage. Girls are raised in isolation in preparation for womanhood. One would have imagined that after two foreign rulers that Indians would have completely abandoned their traditions but they did not.

California’s biggest asset was agriculture and the sale of agricultural produce connected California to the rest of America through export. The various visitors ranging from administration officials to curious travelers and military men helped connect California to other parts of the continent as they all brought some new influence to California. The natives, Mexicans, and Spaniards all connect California because of their common interest in agriculture trade and religion. California would not really be as successful as it is today without the three pillars of agriculture, trade, and religion.Impact of the Spaniard and Mexican Rule in California