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How Does Young Define Code Switching and Code Meshing. Why Does He Use African American in His Essay

According to Young, code switching entails the speaker alternating between two or more languages, dialects, or rhetorical reforms with the context of a given conversations, which he describes as a single sentence, paper, or even utterance. He explains that though may be done intentionally, at other times it is intentional as is the case when multi-linguals employ multiple languages in a conversation (Young 114). On the other hand, Yound defines code meshing as “new code switching”, which entails multi-dialecticism and plural-lingualism with a conversation. It is evident that according to Young code meshing involves blending dialects or combining local, international, colloquial, and vernacular dialects that involve English with the standard written English in both formal assignments as well as informal conversations. The main drive behind it could be to embrace diversity in today’s globalized world. Young uses African American English almost the entire of his essay. The main reason behind this is to put his notion into practice that writers should indeed use their own English.

  1. Why Do You Feel We Characterize African American Dialect Negatively

I feel that there are varied reasons behind the negative characterizations of the African American dialect. To begin with, the speakers of this vernacular are associated with the marginalized status. As Smitherman explains, the language developed as a result of enslavement (Smitherman 6). The racist and negative attitude that people have toward African Americans are directed towards this dialect. According to Gates, African American dialect is characterized negatively as a result of sociolinguists such as William Labov and Smitherman portraying it as incorrect Standard English (Gates 1550).How Does Young Define Code Switching and Code Meshing



Work Cited

Gates Jr, Henry Louis. The signifying monkey: A theory of African American literary criticism. Oxford University Press, 2014.

Smitherman, Geneva. African-American English: From the hood to the amen corner. University of Minnesota, 1996.

Young, Vershawn Ashanti. “Should Writers Use They Own English?.” Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies 12.1 (2010): 110-117.