In the article titled A history of psychoanalytic research published in the journal of “Psychodynamic Practice,” John Lees examines the history of psychodynamic research from the past to present (Lees, 2005, p. 117). He begins by analyzing Freud’s research before examining the work of other later researchers. Throughout the publications, the author is careful to reveal the dominant research patterns in the field, after which he ends buy suggestion an appropriate way of conducting research in the field – which is itself a combination of what earlier researchers have done (p. 128)
Lees begins by delving into an analysis of Freud’s research. He takes us through the journey and evolution of research as done by the master psychologist. Taking note of Freud’s early publications like Studies in Hysteria, Lees arrives at the conclusion that Freud’s type of research was practice based (p. 199-120). In essence, Freud conducted research for the purposes of furthering the interests of practitioners, not necessarily for learners interested in gathering knowledge about the field of psychoanalysis (p.122).
Lees then quickly examines other broader ways of conducting psychoanalytic research. He points out what he refers to as the “outcome and the process research strand” (p. 124). According to Lees, this type of research concentrates on explaining outcomes, drawing inferences by carefully studying the correlation between causes and effects. He then moves on to explain the “narrative research strand” – which he also refers to “hermeneutic strand” (p. 124). The bottom line being that in this type of research, emphasis is not on establishing the truth as it ought to be, but as it is, because everything must be taken into context (p. 125).
Having examined the works of other researchers, Lees then spells out the fourth type of psychoanalytic research, which he calls psychotherapeutic research, explaining it as that which combines the elements of practice and the narrative strand, complete with their inherent characteristics (p. 127-128).