Given the incessantly changing food landscape in the United States, food sources have become more global with supply chains assuming more complex systems compared to the previous years. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is directly involved in the management of the alterations relating to immense areas of food processing and food distribution. Some of the processes undertaken by the department include inspection of domestic food, exports, and imports, creating public awareness regarding food safety and carrying out risk assessments. Due to the immense prominence of food safety and its sensitivity to related maladies, the United States Department of Agriculture’s objective is to implement a comprehensive program that contains various policies and partnership with discordant organizations to ensure food safety for all American citizens (Usda.gov, 2015).
The United States Department of Agriculture is best suited to run this program given its direct involvement in and management of food processing and food distribution. It goes without saying that food safety is very important, and the department must engage with regional and foreign food industries, regional and international organizations as well as the consumers to ensure the success of the program. For instance, the United States Department of Agriculture engages with the United States Foods and Drug Administration (FDA) to ensure the non-contamination of food. The program incorporates existing programs with which reference must be made and new policies that when implemented will foster food safety in the United States.
The incidences of contamination and outbreaks of foodborne diseases have caused major consequences on the public health. Approximately forty-eight million cases of foodborne maladies occur every year in the United States. The devastating effect of such incidences is the hospitalization of approximately 128,000 citizens and 3,000 cases of death. These incidents and outbreaks cause major disruptions in the food system of the country while incurring huge economic losses as well as making citizens lose confidence in the nation’s food supply (Fda.gov, 2015). As a result of alterations in the food processing and distribution, increase in food imports and the existing risk of emerging foodborne pathogens, the United States Department of Agriculture must roll out this novel program to safeguard America’s food. The program is organized into three divisions: safeguarding public health and prevention of foodborne maladies, fostering public outreach and education (awareness), and enhancing technical support and capacity development in food safety.
Safeguarding public health and prevention of foodborne maladies
USDA has been and will continue to be at the forefront of protecting the consumers from the hazards of food pathogen such as E. coli through the adoption and implementation of a zero-tolerance policy on additional strains of the pathogens in beef products. The policy ensures that the hazardous pathogens are detected and eradicated before they can reach consumers (Hanlon, Brashears, Vi Pham, Guillen, Oâ€™Quinn & Brooks et al. 2015). With the implementation of stricter standards and measures for Salmonella and novel measures for Campylobacter, the