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Example of a Formatted Discussion Response and Reply

 

Appropriate responses are listed below for the three questions.  The items are also examples of how students should respond when asked to respond to discussion or essay questions.  Notice each response has three or more sentences, has one quoted or paraphrased statement from a reference to support what was written, and a reference page with all references used to answer the questions.  The examples should assist you in future discussion questions to improve your grade.  If these questions were dropbox assignments, they should be set up like an APA formatted paper with a title page.  I have also provided an example of an APA formatted paper for you to review.  Hopefully, the examples have clarified issues and addressed problem areas.

Discussion Forum Examples – Notice that more than three sentences are included.

  1. The legal definition of health disparities provided by the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities is:

 

Health disparities have existed among certain racial and ethnic groups as well as age and gender groups.  Health disparities also exist in health conditions among these population groups.  Rates associated with the incidence and prevalence of disease and illness as well as the mortality and morbidity rates are considered when determining if a health disparity exists within in population group.  A health disparity exists when “there is a significant disparity in the overall rate of disease incident, prevalence, morbidity, mortality or survival rates in the population as compared to the health status of the general population” (“NCNHHD”, 2000, p. 2498).

 

  1. Compare and contrast mortality and morbidity.Example of a Formatted Discussion Response and Reply

Mortality is a term used for the number of people who have died within a population while morbidity refers to the state of being diseased or unhealthy within a population.  Mortality is calculated to determine the death rate within a population and morbidity is calculated to determine the rate of disease or illness among the population.  Mortality is measured by the number of deaths per 1000 individuals per year and morbidity is measured by the presence of disease or illness.  The mortality rate can be expressed as crude death rate; maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate, or age and gender-specific rate (Weiss & Lonnquist, 2012).

  1. Explain the difference between incidence and prevalence.Example of a Formatted Discussion Response and Reply

Incidence and prevalence rates are terms used to determine the health of groups in particular communities, states, or countries.  The incidence and prevalence rates may be calculated for population groups such as racial/ethnic, gender, age, income, etc.  The prevalence rate is calculated to determine the specific point of time in which a health condition existed among the population group.  Incidence as defined by Last (2001) is “the number of instances of illness commencing, or of persons becoming ill (or dying or being hurt in injuries, or whatever) during a given period in a specified population” (p. 50).

References

Last, J. M. (2001). A dictionary of epidemiology (4th ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities. (2000). Minority health and

health disparities research and education act. United States Public Law 106-525,

  1. Retrieved from http://crchd.cancer.gov/disparities/defined.html

Weiss, G. L., & Lonnquist, L. E. (2012). The sociology of health, healing, and illness (7th

ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.

 

Example of a Discussion Response-example of a Formatted Discussion Response and Reply

Hello Constance,

 

Thank you for your informative post.  You mentioned that “health disparities have existed among certain racial and ethnic groups as well as age and gender groups”.  Your statement is valid, and I agree with your comment.  According to Weiss and Lonnquist (2012), health disparities are greatest among the African American race and women.  Some minorities continue to face challenges with access to quality care even though the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act 2010 was enacted by President Obama to ensure that all American citizens are insured.  Despite the efforts of our President, certain groups remain in underserved populations.

 

Weiss, G. L., & Lonnquist, L. E. (2012). The sociology of health, healing, and illness (7th

ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.