Essay on Management of the Global Refugee Crisis
According to Northouse (2016), leadership is a process that is similar to management in various ways since they both involve influence, working with people and effective goal accomplishment. However, leadership is also discordant from management, especially in the manner in which their activities are played. Despite the fact that leadership and management are different in scope, they are both essential to the prosperity of an organization as having strong leadership without effective management, particularly with regard to planning, organizing and coordinating can lead to stifling of planned actions and bureaucratic handling of global issues (Northouse, 2016). As evident in the management of the global refugee crises, world leaders have failed to apply appropriate management skills in handling the international issues despite convening meetings where they agree on the way forward, but have fail to adhere to their agreement.
According to the International Crisis Group (2016), the number of refugees and internationally displaced persons is currently at more than sixty-five million. More than half of the global number of refugees comes from countries ravaged by conflict such as Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia (International Crisis Group, 2016). According to the report by Amnesty International (2016), wealthy nations have evinced a complete lack of leadership and responsibility and have instead left just ten countries; accounting for less than 2.5% of the world GDP to absorb fifty-six percent of the world’s refugees. While refuges in Iraq, Greece, on the island of Nauru and on the border of Jordan and Syria lack homes or proper places of shelter, the ones in Pakistan and Kenya face continued harassment from governments (Amnesty International, 2016). Essay on Management of the Global Refugee Crisis
What is evident in the management of the global refugee crisis is the world leaders’ disregard for the human rights of individuals who have been forced to leave their homes as a result of persecution or conflict. Calls by the United Nations to leaders to make specific commitments that will help put an end to the suffering of refugees across the world have been shunned, with member states stripping the United Nations proposals of any substance and guaranteeing that there are no specifications obligating them to take in specific numbers of people (Amnesty International, 2016). Instead of sharing the responsibility of managing the global refugee crisis, world leaders have shirked it and continually sabotaged UN summits by acting in self-interest. The manner in which most world leaders have handled the global refugee crisis by detaching themselves from making specific commitments to managing the crisis can be related to adaptive leadership. As Northouse (2016) states, adaptive leadership focuses on the adaptations that leaders require of people in response to changing environments. However, instead of world leaders preparing and encouraging refugees to deal with change in the form of loss of their homes as a result of persecution or conflict, most leaders are hesitant to make any commitments to help refugees. What we have are leaders who continually call for safe resettlement of refugees in solidarity with those affected by conflict and war, yet provide no tangible measures or mechanism of ensuring or allowing that these refuges find refuge in their countries.Essay on Management of the Global Refugee Crisis
Whenever devastating conflicts or catastrophes occur, world leaders are quick to show expressions of sympathy and shock. In 2015, the image of a three-year old Alan Kurdi from Syria who together with his family drowned while trying to cross over from Turkey to Greece highlighted the horror of humanitarian crisis on Europe’s shores (Mohamed, 2017). Initially, world leaders showed immense sympathy for the refugees facing extremely harsh conditions to the point of death. However, this was miserably short-lived. Months after the death of Alan Kurdi, many governments implemented policies that were designed to keep refugees from Syria and other nations out of their countries (Mohamed, 2017). Moreover, Australia continued to lock refugees up in inhuman offshore detention centers and the European Union came up with a deal whereby refugees who risked their lives to escape conflict and persecution would end up right back in Turkey (Mohamed, 2017). According to Salil Shetty (2017), Secretary General of Amnesty International, instead of world leaders supporting and committing to search and rescue operations that protect human lives, governments have fostered operations with the Libyan coastguard so as to keep migrants and refugees away from Europe. As a result, refugees and migrants are returned to Libya where they face torture, slave trade, rape and death among other atrocities. This is definitely not a sustainable response by world leaders. The reality is that there is little evidence that G20 leaders have understood and responded with immediate action to the global refugee crisis. Instead of G20 leaders evincing genuine commitments to legal and safe pathways and increased responsibility-sharing, which would provide viable solutions to deadly boat voyages that refugees embark on, they have retreated and let the refugees find ways of dealing with their own problems.Essay on Management of the Global Refugee Crisis
Governments must show leadership when it comes to managing the global refugee crisis. Fortunately, there is a nation that is setting a remarkable example in this front. Canada is a suitable example of how, with proper transformational leadership and vision, countries can resettle many refugees in a timely manner (Amnesty International, 2016). Canada has managed to resettle close to thirty thousand Syrian refugees since November 2015 (Amnesty International, 2016). As denoted by Northouse (2016), transformational leadership is whereby a leader engages with others and formulates a connection that raises the level of morality and motivation in both the leader and the followers. Through transformational leadership, Canada is not only providing refuge to migrants and refugees but also uplifting their spirits and transforming their lives after facing devastation in their own nations. The government of Canada sponsored slightly more than half of the refugees it resettled with a significant number arriving through private sponsorship arrangements (Amnesty International, 2016). Moreover, in late 2016, an additional eighteen thousand applications from Syria applicants were being processed mainly in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey (Amnesty International, 2016).
According to Khurma (2017), the number of monthly arrivals of refugees into the United States declined sharply from 9,945 refugees in October 2016 to 3,316 refugees in April 2017. This novel development is quantitative evidence of the outcome of the decision by the Trump administration to roll out its new refugee policy that is based on President Trump’s campaign promise to suspend the refugee program, especially from Syria, as well as, other Muslim majority nations in the Middle East (Khurma, 2017). Lind (2017) reiterates the fact that the Trump administration will allow only up to forty-five thousand refugees into the United States in the current fiscal year. According to Lind (2017), the rationale that Trump and his administration apply is that the United States is no longer obligated to open its doors to the most vulnerable people in the world in the form of refugees. However, there are certain policy recommendations that the United States president can implement to better respond to the global refugee crisis.
First, the United States can foster a resettlement surge for more UNHCR Syrian refugees through United States military installations. The United States can transport more than twenty-four thousand Syrian refugees from prevailing refugee camps in Jordan and Turkey to joint military bases for swift screening and resettlement into American states over six months. This resettlement surge would quickly work through the backlog of Syrian refugees already screened and given refugee status by UNHCR for processing at the military bases with priority given to orphans, families and victims of recent combat and torture in Syria. Second, the United States can increase its assistance to World Food Program (WFP) and UNHCR so as to stabilize and improve conditions in refugee camps in front line countries. Countries that host refugees are already overstretched as it is and President Trump can help alleviate their situation by providing additional relief and financial assistance to help mitigate the global refugee crisis. Third, President Trump can mandate full federal funding for up to eight months of resettlement and integration payments to refugees in American communities so as to help refugees integrate quickly. Since there is an already established partnership between state, federal and local agencies to aid refugee integration and resettlement, the government can strengthen these partnerships by providing full funding. Fourth, through the directive of President Trump, the United States can establish extra resettlement support centers in Europe. In addition to fostering resettlement surge through military bases, the United States should establish resettlement support centers in Munich, Germany and Athens, Greece to aid with the processing of close to forty thousand additional refugees. This policy would be effective in supplementing the existing resettlement support centers in Istanbul and Vienna so as to relieve pressure on its European allies and evince that espouses efforts to shelter refugees fleeing conflict. Finally, President Trump can facilitate streamlining of the screening process. The existing screening process is protracted and entails multiple layers of security and medical screening. Moreover, it has in-built redundancy for checking and rechecking. The United States can speed up this process so to prevent the radicalization of refugees kept waiting for too long on hostile foreign countries or camps. Proper initiatives can enhance the capacity of the United States Customs and Immigration Service to process more refugee applications swiftly, but thoroughly.
Response to my paper-essay on Management of the Global Refugee Crisis
Most United Nations summits on the global refugee crisis have not yielded positive outcomes due to the reluctance of world leaders to make specific commitments to mitigating the situation. Instead of implementing policies to help process and resettle refugees, most world leaders have distanced themselves from the crisis in terms of implementation of efforts aimed at helping refugees and enacted policies that prevent refugees from being resettled in their nations, detained refugees in inhuman offshore centers and returned the refugees to existing resettlement support centers. While this can be seen as shirking rather than sharing responsibility of helping refugees, leaders cannot be faulted for their restricted commitment due to security concerns since most refugees are from war-torn nations or countries experiencing conflict. Moreover, most of the G20 nations already provide financial support, as well as, food and medical relief to UNHCR and WFP and thus, should not consider it their obligation to resettle more refugees.
Response to critique of my paper-essay on Management of the Global Refugee Crisis
In as much as there are genuine security concerns based on the fact that most refugees are from war-torn nations, these refugees are mostly families, children and women and not people with weapons seeking asylum in another nation. Moreover, Canada is a leading example of a nation that has facilitated refugee resettlement in the nation without having serious security concerns. It is true that most G20 countries contribute a lot towards the resettlement of refugees and providing assistance in terms of money, food and medicine to international organizations to help refugees all over the world. However, world leaders need to do more given the increasing number of refugees and not wait for another image of a dead child or video of children drowning or unconscious from chemical attacks to show sympathy.
Amnesty International. (2016). Tackling the Global Refugee Crisis – From Shirking to Sharing Responsibility. ReliefWeb. Retrieved 15 February 2018, from https://reliefweb.int/report/world/tackling-global-refugee-crisis-shirking-sharing-responsibility
Amnesty International. (2016). World leaders have “shirked, not shared” responsibility on refugee crisis. Amnesty.org. Retrieved 15 February 2018, from https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/09/world-leaders-have-shirked-responsibility-on-refugee-crisis/
International Crisis Group. (2016). What’s Driving the Global Refugee Crisis? Crisis Group. Retrieved 15 February 2018, from https://www.crisisgroup.org/global/what-s-driving-global-refugee-crisis
Khurma, M. (2017). American leadership and the global refugee crisis. HuffPost. Retrieved 15 February 2018, from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/american-leadership-and-the-global-refugee-crisis_us_5949493ae4b0d097b29bc86c
Lind, D. (2017). The Trump administration doesn’t believe in the global refugee crisis. Vox. Retrieved 15 February 2018, from https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/10/3/16379016/trump-refugees
Mohamed, C. (2017). World leaders have failed refugees. Can ordinary citizens teach them a lesson?. World Economic Forum. Retrieved 15 February 2018, from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/08/world-leaders-refugee-crisis/
Shetty, S. (2017). Is the G20 willfully negligent in dealing with the global refugee crisis?. Amnesty.org. Retrieved 15 February 2018, from https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/07/is-the-g20-willfully-negligent-in-dealing-with-the-global-refugee-crisis/