Essay on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI)
I absolutely agree with Elon Musk. Musk is not entirely against Artificial Intelligence seeing that he is also the founder of OpenAI. I agree with him that it should be regulated just like every other thing directly concerned with human beings like food. Human beings have often been hailed as the most adaptable on the planet and therefore have managed to stay on top and run the world. However, with this not very new concerns that ability is at risk.
BENEFITS OF AI.Essay on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI)
In the words of Max Tegmark, the president of The Future of Life Institute “Everything we love about civilization is a product of intelligence, so amplifying our human intelligence with artificial intelligence has the potential of helping civilization flourish like never before – as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial.“ So, are there benefits of AI? The clearest benefit is making work or lives simpler. Take for example a self-driving car or SIRI…… Who has not benefited from internet searches? It has made the life of students, researchers as well as the common man easy with options like Google or Engine for every imaginable thing you ever wanted to learn about. Face recognition has gone steps further to ensure secure security where human security often failed to provide it. AI is known to reduce errors especially in space exploration where machines have often been sent to space because of their ability to withstand space conditions. It has helped in exploration especially of areas previsiouly limited to humans such as mining in dangerous areas or very deep oceans. AI, has helped in the medical sector for example to eliminate cancer in radiosurgery. Machines require no breaks and will therefore save up on time taken to accomplish a particular task. Because machines have no emotions, jobs that a human would find repetitive such as endless arithmetic are carried out seamlessly by machines.
AI is helping teachers to offer personalized teaching as they understand how their students individually learn. It is also helping learners to create groups that suit them by merging one learner’s weakness with the strength of another. Machine translation and virtual reality learning are making classes exciting while teachers benefit from easy grading software. For learners that are abled differently (disabled) AI could help them learn in better ways.
DISADVANTAGES OF AI.Essay on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI)
AI has problems too; with the biggest fear being that it may be the last thing we invent as humans before our race becomes irrelevant. We have for far too long only imagined what our world will be like with movies such as ‘Terminator’ giving us a feel of it. However, we are ill prepared should strong AI finally make a breakthrough and come to haunt us. Some even fear that it could kill us when it supersedes our thinking capacity. AI has the potential to become more intelligent than humans and this is dangerous because we will not be able to fix it, when it is out of hand. AI becomes a fear when it is programmed to do devastating things such as an autonomous weapon that causes mass destruction.
It is also feared for its method, how it carries out tasks. A machine for instance can be set for mining and in time destroy all ecosystems around it viewing human interference as a threat towards its mission.
AI runs the risk of creating mass unemployment leaving behind lazy nations and people with a creative power they could easily divert to destructive things. Think about it, checking out groceries for yourself is now common practice, when in the past someone was paid to perform the same task for you.AI also has no original creativity or imagination, cannot feel or think or be guided by emotions. AI is expensive with high maintenance that often needs repair or replacement, thus eating into the country’s economy for sustenance.
Technology addiction is a problem we have already experienced especially with our smartphones and other gadgets that keep us glued on our screens. It has often been viewed as a millennial problem but it is fast catching up on the other age groups as well. Loss of information may occur when the machines break down. Other problems include lack of personal interaction as people are socializing less in person and killing relationships.
EFFECTS OF AI: A CASE OF THE POWER GRID.
The computer system with the most devastating effects if affected would be the National power grid. The following case examples sufficiently support why.
NORTHEAST UNITED STATES AND CANADA // AUGUST 14-15, 2003Essay on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI)
It took months before the real cause of the Northeast Blackout of 2003 was finally determined. Initially, Canadian Defense Minister John McCallum blamed an outage at a nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania, which the state’s Emergency Management Agency denied. What actually happened was a high-voltage power line in Northern Ohio brushed against overgrown trees, causing it to shut down. When the alarm system that would typically alert FirstEnergy Corporation failed, the incident was ignored. In the next 90 minutes, system operators tried to figure out what happened while three other lines switched off as a consequence of the first line’s failure.
This started a domino effect, and by 4:05 p.m. Southeast Canada and eight Northeastern U.S. states were without power. 50 million people were inconvenienced for up to two days in what turned out to be the biggest blackout in North American history. 11 people died and there was a reported $6 billion in damages. The incident prompted the creation of a joint task force between the U.S. and Canada to minimize future blackouts. (Cormier, 2017)
Essay on ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE(AI)
NORTHEAST UNITED STATES AND NORTHERN CANADA // NOVEMBER 9, 1965
A faulty relay at Sir Adam Beck Station on the Ontario side of Niagara Falls led to what was then the biggest power failure in U.S. history. At 5:16 p.m., the tripping of a 230-kilovolt transmission line began a domino effect resulting in a surge of power that overwhelmed transmission lines and put New York City in the dark at the height of a Tuesday rush hour. 800,000 people were reported trapped in the subway. It affected 30 million people in New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Vermont, Quebec, and Ontario. 10,000 National Guardsmen and 5,000 off-duty police officers were called into service to prevent looting, although it turned out to be relatively calm and peaceful. Power was restored for most people within 13 hours. (Cormier, 2017)
SOUTHWEST BLACKOUT OF (2011)
This blackout is considered to be the largest in California’s history. It occurred mainly because of the state’s dependence on power imports from Arizona at the time.
At the end of their summer season that year, the continued hot weather caused California’s engineering schedule to conflict with planned outages (for maintenance). This then left the grid vulnerable to human error. A technician switched major equipment, which caused the power to fail for around 12 hours and affect 2.7 million Americans.
The impact to restaurants and grocery stores was devastating. Due to the length of time the power was out they were forced to throw away food at an estimated cost of $12 to $18 million. Several sewage pumping stations also failed, causing the potential for unsafe water in many areas. Since this time, diesel generators were installed at 5 pumping stations. (“9 of the Worst Power Outages in United States History”, 2016)
9 of the Worst Power Outages in United States History. (2016). Electric Choice. Retrieved 12 April 2016, from https://www.electricchoice.com/blog/worst-power-outages-in-united-states-history/
15 Pros and 5 Cons of Artificial Intelligence in the Classroom. (2017). LiveTiles. Retrieved 5 June 2017, from https://www.livetiles.nyc/blog/pros-cons-artificial-intelligence-classroom/
Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence – Future of Life Institute. (2017). Future of Life Institute. Retrieved 5 October 2017, from https://futureoflife.org/background/benefits-risks-of-artificial-intelligence/
Cormier, R. (2017). The 12 Biggest Blackouts In History. Mentalfloss.com. Retrieved 9 November 2015, from http://mentalfloss.com/article/57769/12-biggest-electrical-blackouts-history
Reddy, K. (2016). Artificial Intelligence Advantages and Disadvantages. Wisestep. Retrieved 5 October 2017, from http://ttps://content.wisestep.com/advantages-disadvantages-artificial-intelligence/