ECON/IB 356–Economic Development and International Geography
Review for Midterm Exam on October 24, 2017
When you respond to essay questions, make sure your answer is thorough and clear. Utilize examples from the readings, presentations, class discussions, slides, and notes. A good essay offers an argument that is supported by evidence and references to arguments put forth by scholars we examined, not merely unsubstantiated platitudes and generalizations. For example, you might say: As O’Connor stated in the article on subsidies to rice growers in Arkansas…
Be prepared to respond to questions related to the following topics:
- Distinguish between economic growth and development.
- Name two of the Sustainable Development Goals and discuss how global progress on each goal should be monitored using measures of development.
- Discuss the merits and deficiencies of at least two (competing) map projections—Mercator and Peters are particularly relevant.
- Make a case for why it’s important to study geography and why that study should both include cartography and also concern itself with more than simply knowing places on a map.
- Explain why political and religious leaders of developing countries are concerned about climate change and what they want to see done about it.
- Explain the challenges facing women in Uganda in terms of land usage and land ownership and connect that to other articles we read regarding agriculture in developing countries.
- Describe at least two of the challenges and/or opportunities for economic development related to natural resources (water, minerals, etc.).
- To what extent can tourism (mass or eco) be an effective development strategy? What are the problems with tourism? Be able to discuss specifics about Moreno’s case studies.
- Be able to explain a model of economic growth and/or development presented by Hosseini or class slides, and assess the validity of that model using information presented in other articles.
- Describe some of the human capital challenges and opportunities facing developing countries, using the Ugandan case study as a point of reference. Connect with migration patterns.
- Be able to define the following terms:
Dependency Theory -It states that resources move from developing countries to developed countries.
Informal sector- the sector of an economy that is not controlled by the government and does not pay taxes
Kuznets Curve- It shows as the economy develops, the market forces first increases economic inequality before finally reducing the inequality.
Lorenz Curve- It graphs the distribution of wealth or income disguised unemployment – this is a form of unemployment where part of labor force is not working or working in a redundant manner
land reform- this is the division of agricultural land and distributed to the landless people
remittances- this the money that is sent to the government for example through taxes or other charges AIDS/HIV crude birth rate- crude death rate projection PPP
demographic transition human capital Gini Coefficient HDI
fertility rate dependency ratio longitude GIS
urbanization ethnocentric maps latitude GII
common property resource dual economy equator brain drain