Differences and Similarity between Qualitative and Quantitative Research



Differences and Similarity between Qualitative and Quantitative Research

All empirical systematic education research is evidently characterized by systematic enquiry. Both types consist of traditions, paradigms or approaches about research that involve crucial distinctions along a number of ways. Quantitative research emphasizes on measurements, experiments and numerical data collection using known probabilities. Qualitative research emphasizes on realities that are based on the participants’ views, opinions or perceptions. Real meaning is obtained through interacting with audience and engaging them verbally and through observations unlike quantitative research which depends on numbers mostly.

  1. Qualitative research design

Answer each of the following questions using “A Phenomenological Investigation of African American Counselor Education Students’ Challenging Experiences” found in Chapter 11 pages from 323 to 333. Using the same article answer the following questions:

Differences and Similarity between Qualitative and Quantitative Research

What is the central question(s)?

The central questions for this research are: (a) what challenges confront African American students in CE programs? And (b) how, if at all, do CE programs’ structural and cultural practices contribute to students’ challenges?


What were the researchers’ roles?            

First the researchers were to come up with a number of participants and engage them in the research using specific criteria. Thereafter researchers are supposed to engage the selected participants and be able to get data from them, they are not to impose any of their perspectives towards the subject of concern on their participants. They should ensure that the participants make independent judgment in decision making during the research. The researchers are to ensure that the participants understand their questions through proper clarification so as to avoid any inappropriate responses. After receiving the interview transcripts, each researcher is expected to carry out an analysis on the data received from the participants.

How were the participants selected?

Differences and Similarity between Qualitative and Quantitative Research

The participants were selected through purposeful sampling procedures which were done via the CESNET and COUNSGRADS listservs. The participants had to identify themselves as African American doctoral students who are currently enrolled in CE programs in order for them to be considered for this research. Out of the people approached to be participants, eleven of them confirmed their willingness to be part of the research by filling a demorgraphic questionnaire and an informed consent form. Thereafter the first author communicated via email to each individual notifying them to be available for the interview as per the schedule.


How did the research design change over the course of the study?

The research design changed to adopt to the various demands on field and also based on customer interaction.

  1. Your Research Project


Have you collected any data for your research? Describe details of the data you collected.

As you studied in Chapter 4 (pp. 77-81), it is very important to keep conducting literature review thorough-out your research process. Literature review has helped you better understand 1) your research topic/content, and 2) your research methodology.

Locate one article that influences(ed) the research methodology you employed for your research project. Include the citation of the article in APA styles.

Discuss what you learned from the article and how you incorporated it into your own research project.