Confucius and Aristotle’s Ethics
Confucius and Aristotle were both famous philosophers whose works and ideas have been partly presented in the two readings. Both of them contributed significantly to the virtues and ethics of the world today. Both the philosophers focused on good conduct and morality in their respective nations. Aristotle links virtue to happiness. The notes that those that are guided by complete virtues live a happy life. On the other hand, Confucius notes that those with virtue can abide long in a condition of enjoyment. Moreover, he states that “the virtuous are at ease with virtue,” implying that virtue is necessary for one to be happy. Confucius and Aristotle’s Ethics
Moreover, the teachings of both philosophers focus on the principle of mean. According to them, a person can only perfect himself by comparing his deficiency and excesses. Both philosophers describe this in terms of what is right regarding a given action, the reason for it, its extent as well as timing and cause. Aristotle notes that virtue is a means between two extremes”. On the other hand, Confucius asserts that “perfect is the virtue that accords with the Constant Mean”. According to them, it is mean in virtue and not much or little of it, which is perfect when utilized.
Bot Aristotle’s and Confucius’s arguments are similar regarding habituation. They both agree that it would be difficult for virtues to exist without habits. According to Aristotle, “proper conduct becomes habitual. It becomes second nature”. On the other hand, Confucius notes that for one to become truly virtuous, “property must become habitual”. In both cases, the philosophers agree that moral virtues arise from habits, which in turn are inculcated in childhood. The ideologies on culture between Confucius and Aristotle ethics form a major difference between the philosophers. Aristotle’s concepts are mostly from an individuals or personal point of view. On the other hand, the arguments by Confucius were based on social or collective identities. This could have been as a result of the different culture in which the two philosophers lived.Confucius and Aristotle’s Ethics