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The Causes and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease


Discussion Question Six

please use plain English, use attach files readings , and make personal example as indicated below


Floyd, Mimms, and Yelding discuss cardiovascular disease in chapter 8 of the text.  Cardiovascular diseases are among the leading causes of death in the United States, with more than 900,000 people dying due to these diseases each year (p. 244).

In the Principles section of your response, identify the causes and major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. They begin with things that we cannot control such as heredity, age, and sex. But they include other risk factors that we may be able to control or at least ameliorate. The first of these as listed in the text is hypertension. The text lists eight risk factors. Identify and briefly describe each of these eight risk factors.

In the Implications section of your response, discuss what you personallydo or don’t do to reduce those risk factors.   Be specific and concrete, talking about your habits with respect to smoking, exercise, diet, etc and whether or not heredity plays a role in your risk for cardiovascular disease.


Discussion Question Format

Discussion question responses will be double spaced. The principles and implications sections of the response will a total of 500 words. Important points will be incorporated into sentence and paragraph structure with a minimal use of bullets.  The response will be formatted using the following three headings:

(1) Principle(s)

(2) Implication(s)

(3) Reference(s)


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There are several risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases. The risk factors include hereditary factors, ethnicity, age, sex, diet, alcohol, stress, hypertension, smoking, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, leading a sedentary life, and obesity (Mendy & Vargas, 2015). Most of these factors are interlinked, such that one risk factor shows the presence of another risk factor. Genetically, if a person has blood relatives that have a history of cardiovascular disease the person then stands a high risk of developing the diseases (Mendy & Vargas, 2015). Ethnicity is also a significant factor in determining the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease. People of Asian descent are at a higher risk of developing the illness than any other group of people (NHS, 2014; Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). African American are susceptible to diabetes mellitus, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (Mendy & Vargas, 2015). Obesity, which is also hereditary is a risk factor for the illness (NHS, 2014). Obesity is also caused by lack of exercises thereby increasing the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). Individuals with a BMI of over 30 are considered obese and likely to develop cardiovascular diseases (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008).

Besides, smoking and alcohol increase the risk of developing coronary illnesses. Tobacco produces toxins that damage the coronary arteries thereby increasing the danger of developing coronary heart diseases (Mendy & Vargas, 2015). Excessive consumption of alcohol increases the level of blood cholesterol and hypertension, which are risk factors for cardiovascular illness (NHS, 2014). High blood cholesterol increases the risk of developing a blood clot that may lead to heart failure.  Furthermore, increasing age increases the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease (NHS, 2014). Besides, men are more likely to suffer from the cardiovascular disease earlier than women (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). High blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. High blood pressure may damage arterial walls and cause the development of a blood clot that can result in cardiovascular disease (NHS, 2014; Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). High blood pressure increases the workload of the heart eventually enlarging it. High blood pressure is common among African Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and Hispanics (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008).  Occasional clots form in blood, which obstruct the heart. Besides, hypertension has no symptoms (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). Diabetes mellitus may also lead to the damaging of arterial walls and the development of fatty deposits (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). Increased fatty deposits lead to obesity, which makes one susceptible to cardiovascular disease (NHS, 2014; Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008).  Scientists discovered that elevated levels of blood lipids damage blood vessels and lead to cardiovascular diseases (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). Excess cholesterol leads to the formation of plague and atherosclerosis, which increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases (Floyd, Mimms, & Yelding, 2008). Moreover, a high fat diet increases the likelihood of one being obese and having cardiovascular disease.