Black Children Education Studies show that the economic depression that has occurred over the last five years has pushed black children further into the abyss of poverty, hunger, homelessness, and despair (CDF 3). Black children and youths continue to grapple with the difficulties of life, which increases the risk of the children becoming part of the prison pipeline. Black children lack access to a basic need such as education. The disparities in school readiness and development are evident in the early stages of the development of black children (ED 2). Notably, most of the lowest scores in cognitive developments tests are scored by black children. Furthermore, black children have little or no access to books than white children. In this respect, Black children are condemned to a cradle of poor education. Schools that are predominantly black have less qualified teachers, inadequate education facilities, and resources (CDF 5). The deficiency is even reflected in the recruitment of teachers. A national survey revealed that only seven percent of public school teachers are black, which paints a grim picture in the education of the black child. The rate of dropouts is also high among black children. Only 64 percent of black children graduate high school compared to 82 percent for white children (CDF 5). In this respect, this paper analyzes the state of the education of the black child including the factors that contribute to this sorry state of affairs. The paper also discusses the history of black education.
Perhaps one of the main factors that limit the knowledge of black children is poverty. In 2013, approximately 10.9 million students were from low-income families (Ladd 4). Moreover, 33 percent of these children were from black households. Poverty limits a kid’s level of education preparedness. Studies reveal that living in poverty results in low academic performance during early childhood (CDF 3). Additionally, the poor performance starts at kindergarten and goes on to high school. Besides, the rate of school completion for children from poor backgrounds is low. Research shows that black children are three times as likely to be poor as white children (CDF 3). Poor parents cannot afford reading materials or tutors to coach the children and help them get ready for school.
In a 2013 report by Austin Nichols, it was stated that the gap between black and white higher education was wider than it had been 50 years earlier. This was a worrisome trend that shows the counterproductive nature of policies that the government has put in place over the years to promote educational equality. According to Nichols, as at 1962 only a quarter of the black populace over 25 years had completed high school. This compared to over 50 percent of the white populace was a merger part of the black population. He intimates that since then the gap was almost done away with but college admission rates for these two groups have widened tremendously. This is a matter of grave concern since college education is considered the ticket to middle-class living and shielding families against financial distress (Nichols, 1).
In some statistics that revealed the widening gap of college education between these two groups over the years, it was revealed that in 1962 only 4 percent of the black populace over 25 years had a college degree. Conversely, 10 percent of whites of the same age had college degree. As at 2012, 31 percent of the white populace had college degree compared to 21 percent of the black population. This clearly shows that the gap has widened over the years and is more than it used to be in 1962, in spite the increased percentage of individuals of color who got college education. This statistic is reflectional to the differences in quality of schools over time and the fact that policies adopted may not be doing much to salvage the situation (Nichols, 2)
Furthermore, family incomes and neighbourhood characteristics play a crucial role in the quality of schools that many black children go to. Moreover, black children experience few black teachers in the classroom. Therefore, the children have no mentors to guide them and motivate them to take school seriously. The deficiencies black children experience in school are reflected in the test scores and rate of drop outs (Ladd 3). There is a gap in the early educational opportunities accessible to white and black students and this reflects on the academic achievements of these two groups as the black disadvantaged student tends to lag behind. Figure one below illustrates the difference in standardized test among poor black children and white children. Poor black children had very low scores. In math, languages, sciences, and cognitive flexibilities, black children perform relatively lower compared to white children right from fourth to twelfth grade as shown in figure three. Figure 2 indicates the performance of white students and black students in math. Besides, the rate of dropouts is also high among black children.
Figure 1: The average difference in Standardized Tests Sores between black children and white children (Ladd).
Figure 2. showing the levels of education for white and black
The continuous trend in poor education leads to black children opting out of school before even attaining a high school diploma (U.S News). It is estimated that 34% of total suspensions are held by the black children in schools.
Figure 3: The average reading and maths scaled scores.