BARRIERS THAT AFFECT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IN NIGER DELTA
The Niger Delta has been known as one of the rich areas in terms of the exploration of oil in the African continent. The main company running its business in the Niger Delta is the Shell Bp. The setting up of the company was seen as a major step towards changing the lifestyles of the native individuals. However, this has not been the case. The poor community-company relationships have hit the areas for over a long period (Bello 45). Moreover, the degradation of the environment as a result of the exploration has also hampered the corporate social responsibility. Apparently, in this case, the main focus will be on the environmental pollution that has resulted as a result of the oil exploration in the Niger region. Hence, environmental pollution tends to be one of the reasons serving as a barrier to the implementation of the Corporate Social Responsibility in the Niger Delta.
Oil exploration is a major source of revenue in Nigeria making up 95% of its exports and 80% of its annual revenue. The resource has boosted the economy of the country in terms of infrastructure development as well as foreign trade. Shell BP has over the years done its business in the country (Bello par 3). The setting up of the company in the country was seen as an advantage in terms of the employment and enrichment of the lives of the people of the Niger Delta. However, the constant conflicts between the company and the community as well as the environmental degradation have resulted in poor social responsibility.
The control theory looks at the ability of the corporates to act correctly in terms of their operations. In this case, the companies involved in the exploration of oil in the Niger Delta have over the years gone against the corporate theory by causing environmental degradation. The spilling of oil in the water sources has led to the death of aquatic life. Moreover, the oil has led to the destruction of the river beds. The pollution of the water sources leaves the native individuals with no place to get clean water for consumption. Hence, this has led to the breakout of water-borne diseases in the region. The inhabitants of the Niger Delta face health conditions such as cholera and typhoid as a result of the consumption of the contaminated water. It should also be noted that the oil spillages have ended up affecting the soil in the region. Hence, the soil has become unproductive and lost fertility meaning that it cannot support any forms of agricultural activities (Corporate Social Responsibility in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Sector web).