Chapter 3 talks about the history of the Hebrew people. Hebrews are among the few people that have recorded their history themselves but most of their accounts have been passed off as myths because historians are yet to find proof of their existence in places like Egypt. One thing has however been consistent with the Jewish people and this has been their religious beliefs about one true God. Because of this very distinct religion, the Hebrews have faced discrimination as well as hatred from other groups over time. Chapter 3 puts to doubt the history of the Hebrews as known by most people. One thing however remains astounding which is to how a group of people without properly organized leadership and existing in small scattered groups have survived all these centuries. Although their stories of conquering other nations remain unproved by history, there is a secret to how they have managed to maintain their beliefs and way of life despite obvious dislike from their neighbors. Maybe their one true God truly has them covered and protected. It must be supernatural intervention or proper survival tactics but mythical stories or not the Jewish people’s religion lives on and continues to affect religions around the world.
Chapter 4 is about the Greek civilization and the Greek would no doubt have been the greatest civilization that ever lived. They had enough sense to have some form of democracy which is the most popular form of governance in modern civilization. They were not impressed by the rich or by the representatives of deities which are among the people that greatly assert their unwanted authority over people. The Greek had good business sense, conquering power and were technologically forward besides being war geniuses and great philosophers. More importantly they are the inspiration behind the Olympic Games enjoyed to date. Their hate for others was the reason they did not realize their dreams. Interacting with others gives new ideas which progress a society forward. The Greek were also not united among themselves and further, it was each man for himself something that destroyed a great civilization because selfishness results in weak bonds. Had the Greek been more accepting of other people they would have been better than the Jews. Just like the Hebrews, the Greeks were not able to last as a whole because of the belief that they were more special.Ancient Civilizations
The Romans succeeded where the Greeks and Hebrews failed miserably which is embracing people who were not Roman and teaching them the Roman ways. This made Roman a force especially because while it grew in wealth from the conquests, it also grew in the human resources. When people are accepted the way they are, with their gods and beliefs then they become loyal and Romans did a great job so much that these conquered people were willing to fight for the Roman legion. Its failure like all those before it was as a result of leadership issues. The Roman’s contribution to current civilization is the Julian calendar.
Generally the greatest civilizations of all time conquered new grounds through war and all had some kind of religion, meaning that all humans want to rely on a supernatural being greater than them. The Romans and the Greeks showed just how much democracy can affect a nation not properly handled. Internal strength is determined by unity among the people because that was the survival mode of the Hebrews. The Romans and Greek infighting over power struggles caused their ruin. The story learnt from all the civilizations of the past is that proper leadership cannot be overlooked.Ancient Civilizations