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Accepting Manipulation or Manipulating What’s Acceptable

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Accepting Manipulation or Manipulating What’s Acceptable explanatory summary

Aaron Quinn highlights an important point in his introduction that there is a general decline in the public trust in the photographic integrity of the press. Given the manipulations of photos or images using high-technology software and applications, more and more people do not believe in the integrity of the pictures presented in various newspapers. In essence, most people view images in the press as illustrations rather than reportage. The two issues that Quinn addresses in the article are the proper guidelines for post-shoot manipulations and the level of reliance on intra-camera exposure calculations at the expense of post-shoot manipulations (Quinn, 2008, p. 281). Manipulation as Quinn asserts starts with the choices that the news photographer makes. For instance, his or her decision to change lens to adjust to the surrounding light and stand near or far from the item to determine the borders of the photo are forms of manipulation. However, there are two ways of manipulation in photography, that is, the basic manipulation and deceptive manipulation………..Accepting Manipulation or Manipulating What’s Acceptable

The basic manipulation refers to the neutral representation of an object, place or event’s image using a device or the photographer’s hands usually to correct unintended flaws. On the contrary, deceptive manipulation refers to the adjustment or alteration of pictures of people, objects, places or events for the sake of institutional or personal gain. It is such deceptive manipulations of images by the press that make Quinn outline the threading ethical theory of photography in journalism. Journalists, in general, are mandated to foster public good through the provision of accurate information that readers can utilize in decision-making regarding matters of public life. According to Quinn, the three central ethical doctrines that journalists ought to have in contemplation when deciphering image manipulation and its effects on people are consequentialism, virtue theory, and deontology (Quinn, 2008, p. 281). This means that photojournalists should consider the utilitarianism precepts of implementing ethically accepted photo manipulation such as maximization of truth and accuracy coupled with virtues such as integrity and truth-telling. Above all, photojournalists should ensure that their virtues and consequentialism are grounded in moral law, that is, actions that any rational individual would undertake without question irrespective of their actual or possible consequences…………..Accepting Manipulation or Manipulating What’s Acceptable