Heart diseases, commonly known as cardiovascular diseases are basically conditions resulting from narrowed or blocked blood vessels which lead to heart attacks. The term heart diseases however, may refer to a wider scope of heart issues not only constrained to narrowing and blocking of blood vessels. The world over, the disease has become a menace due to its deadly impacts. As a matter, cardiovascular diseases present the number one cause of deaths in the entire world. For instance, an approximate 31% of the global deaths in 2015 were due to Cardiovascular diseases out of which an estimate of 7.4 million deaths was from heart failures. Similarly, heart diseases are the number killer in the United States of America. It is intriguing however to note that, African Americans have a higher incidence of heart failure than other diseases. Black Americans (46%) have higher rates of heart disease than Whites (34%).
A higher incidence rate of heart diseases among African Americans than their fellow Whites has remained a mystery for a long time. Researchers in a bid to demystify this issue have come up with various theories to support it. Before age 50 for African Americans, the incidence of heart diseases has been estimated to be 20 more times higher than Whites of a similar age bracket. The main issue associated with this difference is the varying life styles for both races. Specialists associate heart diseases with four risk factors which are the main predictors of the heart related complications. The risk factors are; obesity, chronic kidney diseases, diabetes and high blood pressure. The factors are normally common with African Americans. As a matter of fact, African Americans are 77% more likely than White Americans to be diagnosed with Diabetes. Study suggests that while African Americans may carry genes that make them more salt sensitive thus increasing the risk of high blood pressure, the life style they lead highly contributes to obesity and diabetes.