3-30 (Objectives 3-4, 3-5, 3-6, 3-7, 3-8) The following are independent situations for which you will recommend an appropriate audit report: 1. Subsequent to the date of the financial statements
3-30 (Objectives 3-4, 3-5, 3-6, 3-7, 3-8) The following are independent situations for which
you will recommend an appropriate audit report:
1. Subsequent to the date of the financial statements as part of his post-balance sheet
date audit procedures, a CPA learned that a recent fire caused heavy damage to one
of a client’s two plants; the loss will not be reimbursed by insurance. The newspapers
described the event in detail. The financial statements and appended notes as prepared
by the client did not disclose the loss caused by the fire.
2. E-Lotions.com, Inc. is an online retailer of body lotions and other bath and body
supplies. The company records revenues at the time customer orders are placed on
the Web site, rather than when the goods are shipped, which is usually 2 days after
the order is placed. The auditor determined that the amount of orders placed but not
shipped as of the balance sheet date is not material.
3. For the past 5 years a CPA has audited the financial statements of a manufacturing
company. During this period, the audit scope was limited by the client as to the observation
of the annual physical inventory. Because the CPA considered the inventories
to be material and he was not able to satisfy himself by other auditing procedures, he
was unable to express an unqualified opinion on the financial statements in each of
the 5 years.The CPA was allowed to observe physical inventories for the current year ended
December 31, 2009, because the client’s banker would no longer accept the audit
reports. However, to minimize audit fees, the client requested that the CPA not
extend his audit procedures to the inventory as of the beginning of the year,
January 1, 2009.
4. During the course of his audit of the financial statements of a corporation for the
purpose of expressing an opinion on the statements, a CPA is refused permission to
inspect the minute books containing the significant decisions from the board of
directors meetings. The corporation secretary instead offers to give the CPA a certified
copy of all resolutions and actions involving accounting matters.
5. A CPA is engaged in the audit of the financial statements of a large manufacturing
company with branch offices in many widely separated cities. The CPA was not able
to count the substantial undeposited cash receipts at the close of business on the last
day of the fiscal year at all branch offices.
As an alternative to this auditing procedure used to verify the accurate cutoff of
cash receipts, the CPA observed that deposits in transit as shown on the year-end
bank reconciliation appeared as credits on the bank statement on the first business
day of the new year. He was satisfied as to the cutoff of cash receipts by the use of the
alternative procedure.6. On January 2, 2010, the Retail Auto Parts Company received a notice from its primary
supplier that effective immediately, all wholesale prices will be increased 10%. On the
basis of the notice, Retail Auto Parts revalued its December 31, 2009, inventory to
reflect the higher costs. The inventory constituted a material proportion of total
assets; however, the effect of the revaluation was material to current assets but not to
total assets or net income. The increase in valuation is adequately disclosed in the
7. A CPA has completed her audit of the financial statements of a bus company for the
year ended December 31, 2009. Prior to 2009, the company depreciated its buses
over a 10-year period. During 2009, the company determined that a more realistic
estimated life for its buses was 12 years and computed the 2009 depreciation on the
basis of the revised estimate. The CPA has satisfied herself that the 12-year life is reasonable.
The company has adequately disclosed the change in estimated useful lives of its
buses and the effect of the change on 2009 income in a note to the financial statements.
For each situation, do the following:
a. Identify which of the conditions requiring a deviation from or modification of an
unqualified standard report is applicable.
b. State the level of materiality as immaterial, material, or highly material. If you cannot
decide the level of materiality, state the additional information needed to make a
c. Given your answers in parts a and b, state the appropriate audit report from the following
alternatives (if you have not decided on one level of materiality in part b, state
the appropriate report for each alternative materiality level):
(1) Unqualified—standard wording
(2) Unqualified—explanatory paragraph
(3) Unqualified—modified wording
(4) Qualified opinion only
(5) Qualified scope and opinion